Hungarian

edit

Etymology

edit

From Turkic *aɣïl; compare Chuvash ял (jal). Borrowed before the times of the Hungarian conquest of the Carpathian Basin (at the turn of the 9th and 10th centuries).[1] Ultimately from Proto-Turkic *āɣïl.

Pronunciation

edit
  • IPA(key): [ˈoːl]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -oːl

Noun

edit

ól (plural ólak)

  1. sty (for pigs), kennel (for dogs)

Declension

edit
Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative ól ólak
accusative ólat ólakat
dative ólnak ólaknak
instrumental óllal ólakkal
causal-final ólért ólakért
translative óllá ólakká
terminative ólig ólakig
essive-formal ólként ólakként
essive-modal
inessive ólban ólakban
superessive ólon ólakon
adessive ólnál ólaknál
illative ólba ólakba
sublative ólra ólakra
allative ólhoz ólakhoz
elative ólból ólakból
delative ólról ólakról
ablative óltól ólaktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
ólé ólaké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
óléi ólakéi
Possessive forms of ól
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. ólam óljaim
2nd person sing. ólad óljaid
3rd person sing. ólja óljai
1st person plural ólunk óljaink
2nd person plural ólatok óljaitok
3rd person plural óljuk óljaik

Derived terms

edit
Compound words

References

edit
  1. ^ ól in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

edit
  • ól in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Anagrams

edit

Icelandic

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Etymology 1

edit

From Old Norse ál, from Proto-Germanic *anhulō.

Noun

edit

ól f (genitive singular ólar, nominative plural ólar)

  1. leather belt or strap
Declension
edit

Etymology 2

edit

Inflected form of ala (to bear).

Verb

edit

ól

  1. first-person singular preterite of ala
  2. third-person singular preterite of ala

Irish

edit

Etymology

edit

From Old Irish ól, from Proto-Celtic *ɸotlom from Proto-Indo-European *péh₃tlom, from *peh₃- (to drink). Cognate with Sanskrit पात्र (pātra) and Latin pōculum.

Pronunciation

edit

Verb

edit

ól (present analytic ólann, future analytic ólfaidh, verbal noun ól, past participle ólta)

  1. drink

Inflection

edit

Noun

edit

ól m (genitive singular óil)

  1. verbal noun of ól
  2. drinking

Declension

edit

Synonyms

edit

Derived terms

edit

Mutation

edit
Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ól n-ól hól t-ól
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

edit

Limburgish

edit

Etymology

edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun

edit

ól m

  1. baby (a little child)
  2. (obsolete) beer

Old Irish

edit

Etymology

edit

From Proto-Celtic *ɸotlom from Proto-Indo-European *péh₃tlom (whence also Latin pōculum (drinking cup) and Sanskrit पात्र (pātra, drinking vessel)) from *peh₃-.

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

ól m (genitive óil)

  1. verbal noun of ibid
  2. drinking (especially liquor)
  3. draught

Inflection

edit
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ól
Vocative óil
Accusative ólN
Genitive óilL
Dative óulL
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants

edit
  • Irish: ól
  • Manx: oyl
  • Scottish Gaelic: òl
  • Middle Irish: tech n-óil (drinking house), tech n-óla

Noun

edit

ól n (genitive óil)

  1. a measure of capacity used for liquids

Inflection

edit
Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ólN ólN ólL, óla
Vocative ólN ólN ólL, óla
Accusative ólN ólN ólL, óla
Genitive óilL ól ólN
Dative ólL ólaib ólaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Mutation

edit
Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ól unchanged n-ól
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

edit

Old Norse

edit

Verb

edit

ól

  1. first/third-person singular active past indicative of ala