See also: über-, uber, uber-, and ueber

GermanEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German [Term?], from Old High German ubiri, ubari, from Proto-Germanic *ubiri, from Proto-Indo-European *upéri, from *upér (ultimately from *upo + *-i). Cognate with Ancient Greek ὑπέρ (hupér, above), Latin super (above).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈyːbɐ/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈʏbɐ/ (per se western German, but also elsewhere when unstressed)
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

über

  1. (accusative or dative) above, over, foremost
    Es gab eine Brücke über dem Fluss.There was a bridge over the river.
    Der Vogel flog über den Fluss.The bird flew over the river.
  2. (accusative) by, via, through
    Der Zug fährt über den Hauptbahnhof.The train goes via the main station.
    Ich kaufe alles über das Internet.I buy everything through the internet.
  3. (accusative) across
    Ich fahre mit der Fähre über die Ostsee.I travel on the ferry across the Baltic Sea.
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 24/2010, page 128:
      Das Schiff legt an, und die Besucher steigen in einen weißen Bus, der sie über die Insel fährt.
      The ship docks and the visitors step into a white bus, which drives them across the island.
    • 2012 June 29, Die Welt [1], page 22:
      Die Popularität von Jeans reicht über alle Altersklassen und soziale Schichten hinweg.
      The popularity of jeans extends across all age classes and social classes.
  4. (accusative) during, for, over a time period
    Es regnete über das Wochenende.It rained over the weekend.
    Er hat uns über Jahre belogen.He's lied to us for years.
  5. (accusative) about
    Ich schreibe ein Buch über Goethes Leben.I'm writing a book about Goethe's life.
  6. around, among

Usage notesEdit

  • The preposition über is used with accusative case if the verb shows movement from one place to another, whereas it is used with dative case if the verb shows location.

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Serbo-Croatian: iber

See alsoEdit

AdverbEdit

über

  1. over, more than
    Das Auto kostet über 10.000 Euro.The car costs over 10,000 euros.

Related termsEdit

PostpositionEdit

über

  1. (following accusative) throughout
    Den ganzen Tag über.Throughout the entire day.