See also: раз

Bulgarian edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *orz-.

Prefix edit

раз- (raz-)

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that denotes distribution, destruction, breaking into pieces, undoing or removing.; de-, dis-, un-

Derived terms edit

Anagrams edit

Old Church Slavonic edit

Alternative forms edit

  • рас- (ras-) (before voiceless consonants)

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *orz-.

Prefix edit

раз- (raz-)

  1. (used with verbs) dis-, un-
    раз- (raz-) + ‎-ити (-iti, to go) + ‎сѧ () → ‎разити сѧ (raziti sę, to go asunder, to disagree)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Russian edit

Alternative forms edit

  • разо- (razo-)before certain consonant clusters
  • рас- (ras-)before voiceless consonants

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old East Slavic роз- (roz-), from Proto-Slavic *orz-. The spelling "раз-" was reinforced by Old Church Slavonic раз- (raz-), as well as vowel reduction, which is also reflected in Belarusian раз- (raz-).

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

раз- (raz-)

  1. (used with verbs) asunder, apart
  2. (used with verbs) dis-, di-, un-
    разо- (razo-) + ‎-йти́ (-jtí, to go) + ‎-сь (-sʹ) → ‎разойти́сь (razojtísʹ, to go asunder, to disagree)
    раз- (raz-) + ‎дева́ть (devátʹ, to put) → ‎раздева́ть (razdevátʹ, to undress)
  3. (used with verbs) enlarged action
    раз- (raz-) + ‎рабо́тать (rabótatʹ, to work) → ‎разрабо́тать (razrabótatʹ, to develop, to work out)
  4. (used with verbs) with reflexives, giving free rein to
    раз- (raz-) + ‎говори́ть (govorítʹ, to talk) + ‎-ся (-sja) → ‎разговори́ться (razgovorítʹsja, to talk up a storm)
  5. (used with verbs, in the negative) not quite
    не (ne, not) + ‎рас- (ras-) + ‎слы́шать (slýšatʹ, to hear) → ‎не расслы́шать (ne rasslýšatʹ, to not quite hear)

Usage notes edit

When stressed, раз- (raz-) normally changes into ро́з- (róz-), and the voiceless variant рас- (ras-) correspondingly becomes ро́с- (rós-):

Derived terms edit

Category Russian terms prefixed with роз- not found

References edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “раз-”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *orz-.

Prefix edit

ра̀з- (Latin spelling ràz-)

  1. Inseparable verbal prefix that denotes distribution, destruction, breaking into pieces, undoing or removing.; de-, dis-, un-

Anagrams edit