كان

ArabicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the root ك و ن ‎(k-w-n).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

كَانَ ‎(kāna) I, non-past يَكُونُ‎ (yakūnu)

  1. to be, to exist
  2. to happen, to occur, to take place

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Like all copulative verbs in Arabic, كَانَ ‎(kāna) takes a predicate accusative instead of the predicate nominative common in most inflected European languages.
  • In the present indicative, كَانَ ‎(kāna) is often expressed by what Arab grammarians call a "nominative sentence" (جُمْلَة اِسْمِيَّة ‎(jumla ismiyya)), with no verb; in this case, the both subject and predicate take the nominative case.
    كَانَ جَمَال عَبْدُ النَّاصِر رَئِيسَ جُمْهُورِيَّةِ مِصْرَ الْعَرَبِيَّة.
    kāna jamāl ʿabdu n-nāṣir raʾīsa jumhūriyyati miṣra l-ʿarabiyya.
    Gamal Abdel Nasser was president of the Arab Republic of Egypt.
    عَبْدُ الْفَتَّاح السِّيسِي (هُوَ) رَئِيسُ جُمْهُورِيَّةِ مِصْرَ الْعَرَبِيَّة.
    ʿabdu l-fattāḥ as-sīsī (huwa) raʾīsu jumhūriyyati miṣra l-ʿarabiyya.
    Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is president of the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Read in another language