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HindiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit मेष (meṣá).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

मेष (meṣm (Urdu spelling میش‎)

  1. ram
    Synonym: भेड़ (bheṛ)
  2. sheep

DeclensionEdit

Declension of मेष
Singular Plural
Direct मेष (meṣ) मेष (meṣ)
Oblique मेष (meṣ) मेषों (meṣõ)
Vocative मेष (meṣ) मेषो (meṣo)

SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *mayṣás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mayšás, from Proto-Indo-European *moysós. Cognate with Persian میش(meš), Old Irish meiss, Avestan 𐬨𐬀𐬉𐬱𐬀(maēša), Old Prussian moasis.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

मेष (meṣám (Vedic maiṣá)

  1. ram, sheep (in the older language applied also to a fleece or anything woollen)
    • RV 1.52.1a
      तयं सु मेषं महया सवर्विदं शतं यस्य सुभ्वः साकमीरते |
      अत्यं न वाजं हवनस्यदं रथमेन्द्रं वव्र्त्यामवसे सुव्र्क्तिभिः ||
      tyaṃ su meṣaṃ mahayā svarvidaṃ śataṃ yasya subhvaḥ sākamīrate |
      atyaṃ na vājaṃ havanasyadaṃ rathamendraṃ vavṛtyāmavase suvṛktibhiḥ ||
      I GLORIFY that Ram who finds the light of heaven, whose hundred nobly-natured ones go forth with him.
      With hymns may I turn hither Indra to mine aid,—the Car which like a strong steed hasteth to the call.
  2. (astrology) the sign of the zodiac Aries or the first arc of 30 degrees in a circle
  3. (botany) a species of plant
  4. name of a particular demon

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of मेष (meṣá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative मेषः
meṣáḥ
मेषौ
meṣaú
मेषाः / मेषासः¹
meṣā́ḥ / meṣā́saḥ¹
Vocative मेष
méṣa
मेषौ
méṣau
मेषाः / मेषासः¹
méṣāḥ / méṣāsaḥ¹
Accusative मेषम्
meṣám
मेषौ
meṣaú
मेषान्
meṣā́n
Instrumental मेषेण
meṣéṇa
मेषाभ्याम्
meṣā́bhyām
मेषैः / मेषेभिः¹
meṣaíḥ / meṣébhiḥ¹
Dative मेषाय
meṣā́ya
मेषाभ्याम्
meṣā́bhyām
मेषेभ्यः
meṣébhyaḥ
Ablative मेषात्
meṣā́t
मेषाभ्याम्
meṣā́bhyām
मेषेभ्यः
meṣébhyaḥ
Genitive मेषस्य
meṣásya
मेषयोः
meṣáyoḥ
मेषाणाम्
meṣā́ṇām
Locative मेषे
meṣé
मेषयोः
meṣáyoḥ
मेषेषु
meṣéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit