वृषभ ‎(vṛṣabhá)

  1. manly, mighty, vigorous, strong (applied like वृषन् ‎(vṛṣan) to animate and inanimate objects)
    • RV 2.33.8a
      पर बभ्रवे वर्षभाय शवितीचे महो महीं सुष्टुतिमीरयामि |
      नमस्या कल्मलीकिनं नमोभिर्ग्र्णीमसि तवेषं रुद्रस्य नाम ||
      pra babhrave vṛṣabhāya śvitīce maho mahīṃ suṣṭutimīrayāmi |
      namasyā kalmalīkinaṃ namobhirghṛṇīmasi tveṣaṃ rudrasya nāma ||
      To him the strong, great, tawny, fair-complexioned, I utter forth a mighty hymn of praises.
      We serve the brilliant God with adorations, we glorify, the splendid name of Rudra.


Related termsEdit


वृषभ ‎(vṛṣabhám

  1. bull (in Vedas epithet of various gods, as of Indra, Bṛhaspati, Parjanya etc.; according to Sāyaṇa = वर्षयितृ ‎(varṣayitṛ, a showerer of bounties, benefactor))
    • RV 1.31.5a
      तवमग्ने वर्षभः पुष्टिवर्धन उद्यतस्रुचे भवसि शरवाय्यः |
      य आहुतिं परि वेदा वषट्क्र्तिमेकायुरग्रे विश आविवाससि ||
      tvamaghne vṛṣabhaḥ puṣṭivardhana udyatasruce bhavasi śravāyyaḥ |
      ya āhutiṃ pari vedā vaṣaṭkṛtimekāyuraghre viśa āvivāsasi ||
      Thou, Agni, art a Bull who makes our store increase, to be invoked by him who lifts the ladle up.
      Well knowing the oblation with the hallowing word, uniting all who live, thou lightenest first our folk.
  2. the chief, most excellent or eminent, lord or best among (in later language mostly at the end of a compound, or with genitive)
  3. the zodiacal sign Taurus
  4. a particular drug (described as a root brought from the Himalaya mountains, resembling the horn of a bull, of cooling and tonic properties, and serviceable in catarrh and consumption)
  5. the hollow or orifice of the ear



Proper nounEdit

वृषभ ‎(vṛṣabhám

  1. name of Daśadyu
  2. name of an Asura slain by Viṣṇu
  3. name of one of the sons of the 10th Manu
  4. name of a warrior
  5. name of a son of Kuśāgra
  6. name of a son of Kārtavīrya
  7. (Jainism) name of the first arhat of the present avasarpiṇī
  8. name of a mountain in girivraja
  9. (astronomy) name of the 28th muhūrta
  10. name of a river
  11. Mucuna pruriens


  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 1012
  • Alexander Lubotsky, A Rgvedic Word Concordance, American Oriental Society, 1997, lemma vṛṣabhá
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