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HindiEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Sanskrit कन्या (kanyā́).

NounEdit

कन्या (kanyāf (Urdu spelling کنیا‎)

  1. girl
  2. virgin
  3. daughter

SanskritEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *kanyáH, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kanyáH, from Proto-Indo-European *ken- (new, fresh) (whence also कनीन (kanī́na, young, youthful)). Cognate with Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬥𐬌𐬌𐬁(kaniiā, maiden), Middle Persian [script needed] (knykʿ /kanīg/) (whence Persian کنیز(kaniz)), Latin re-cēns (recent; fresh; young), Ancient Greek καινός (kainós, new).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

कन्या (kanyā́f

  1. girl, virgin, daughter
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 4.58.09:
      क॒न्या॑ इव वह॒तुमेत॒वा उ॑ अ॒ञ्ज्य॑ञ्जा॒ना अ॒भि चा॑कशीमि ।
      kànyā́ iva vahàtumetàvā ú àñjyáñjā̀nā àbhi cā́kaśīmi
      As maidens dock themselves with gay adornment to join the bridal feast, I now behold them.
    • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda
  2. (astrology) the sign of the zodiac Virgo
  3. the female of any animal
  4. name of Durga
  5. (botany) name of a tuberous plant growing in Kashmir
  6. Aloe perfoliata; rubble aloe, mitre aloe
  7. name of several other plants
  8. (prosody) name of a metre (of four lines, each of them containing four long syllables)

DeclensionEdit

Feminine ā-stem declension of कन्या (kanyā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कन्या
kanyā́
कन्ये
kanyé
कन्याः
kanyā́ḥ
Vocative कन्ये
kánye
कन्ये
kánye
कन्याः
kányāḥ
Accusative कन्याम्
kanyā́m
कन्ये
kanyé
कन्याः
kanyā́ḥ
Instrumental कन्यया / कन्या¹
kanyáyā / kanyā́¹
कन्याभ्याम्
kanyā́bhyām
कन्याभिः
kanyā́bhiḥ
Dative कन्यायै
kanyā́yai
कन्याभ्याम्
kanyā́bhyām
कन्याभ्यः
kanyā́bhyaḥ
Ablative कन्यायाः
kanyā́yāḥ
कन्याभ्याम्
kanyā́bhyām
कन्याभ्यः
kanyā́bhyaḥ
Genitive कन्यायाः
kanyā́yāḥ
कन्ययोः
kanyáyoḥ
कन्यानाम्
kanyā́nām
Locative कन्यायाम्
kanyā́yām
कन्ययोः
kanyáyoḥ
कन्यासु
kanyā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • कन्या” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 108.
  • Monier Williams (1899), “कन्या”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0249.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 062
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 187