ἀργός

Ancient GreekEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- (white). Cognates include Latin argentum (silver), Old Irish argat (silver), Welsh arian (silver), Sanskrit अर्जुन (árjuna, white, clear) and रजत (rajatá, silver), Avestan 𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬀(ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 (ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ (arcatʿ).

According to another theory, ultimately from Proto-Georgian-Zan *egr- (Cf. Mingrelian root არგ- (arg-, Mingrelian)).

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

ᾰ̓ργός (argósm (feminine ᾰ̓ργή, neuter ᾰ̓ργόν); first/second declension

  1. shining, glistening, white, bright
  2. (of dogs) swift (because all swift motion causes a kind of glancing or flickering light)
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InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Contracted form of ᾰ̓εργός (aergós), from ᾰ̓- (a-, not, a-) +‎ ἔργον (érgon, a work) +‎ -ός (-ós, adjectival suffix), and hence has a long (ā).

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

ᾱ̓ργός (ārgósm (feminine ᾱ̓ργή, neuter ᾱ̓ργόν); first/second declension

  1. not working the ground; idle, lazy, slow
    Antonym: ἐργᾰ́τῐς (ergátis)
    1. (of money) lying idle, yielding no return
      Antonym: ἐνεργός (energós)
    2. (of land) lying fallow, fruitless
  2. (passive):
    1. unwrought, unpolished, not done, left undone
    2. unattempted
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InflectionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Greek: αργός (argós)

ReferencesEdit