See also: αργός and Ἄργος


Ancient GreekEdit



Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- ‎(white). Cognates include Old Irish argat ‎(silver), Welsh arian ‎(silver), Sanskrit अर्जुन ‎(árjuna, white, clear) and रजत ‎(rajatá, silver), Avestan [script needed] ‎(-ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 ‎(ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ).

According to another theory, ultimately from Proto-Georgian-Zan *egr- (Cf. Mingrelian root არგ- ‎(arg-, Mingrelian)).


ἀργός ‎(argósm ‎(feminine ἀργή, neuter ἀργόν); first/second declension

  1. white, bright
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Contracted form of ἀεργός ‎(aergós), from ἀ- ‎(a-) +‎ ἔργον ‎(érgon), and hence has a long ‎(ā).


ᾱ̓ργός ‎(ārgósm ‎(feminine ᾱ̓ργή, neuter ᾱ̓ργόν); first/second declension

  1. not working, idle
  2. lazy, slow
  3. fallow, fruitless
  4. unwrought, undone, unpolished
Derived termsEdit


  • Gamkrelidze, Th. V.; Ivanov, V. V. (1995) Indo-European and the Indo-Europeans. A Reconstruction and Historical Analysis of a Proto-Language and Proto-Culture. Part I: The Text (Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs; 80), Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 802-803