Open main menu

Wiktionary β

Contents

Ancient GreekEdit

PronunciationEdit

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ar.ɡós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /arˈɡos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /arˈɣos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /arˈɣos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /arˈɣos/
  • Etymology 1Edit

    From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ- (white). Cognates include Old Irish argat (silver), Welsh arian (silver), Sanskrit अर्जुन (árjuna, white, clear) and रजत (rajatá, silver), Avestan 𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬙𐬀 (ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 (ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ (arcatʿ).

    According to another theory, ultimately from Proto-Georgian-Zan *egr- (Cf. Mingrelian root არგ- (arg-, Mingrelian)).

    AdjectiveEdit

    ἀργός (argósm (feminine ἀργή, neuter ἀργόν); first/second declension

    1. white, bright
    InflectionEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Contracted form of ἀεργός (aergós), from ἀ- (a-) +‎ ἔργον (érgon), and hence has a long (ā).

    AdjectiveEdit

    ᾱ̓ργός (ārgósm (feminine ᾱ̓ργή, neuter ᾱ̓ργόν); first/second declension

    1. not working, idle
    2. lazy, slow
    3. fallow, fruitless
    4. unwrought, undone, unpolished
    InflectionEdit
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit