See also:
U+4E1E, 丞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E1E

[U+4E1D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E1F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 1, +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓水一 (NEM) or X弓水一 (XNEM), four-corner 17103, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 78, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 19, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E1E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (kneeling person) + (both hands) + (hole) – to rescue a person from a hole. Compare .

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-tjaŋ (upper part; rise; raise).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (133) (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨŋ/ /d͡ʑɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨŋ/ /d͡ʑɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑieŋ/ /d͡ʑieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiŋ/ /d͡ʑiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəŋ/ /ʑiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭəŋ/ /ʑĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əŋ/ /ʑi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng shèng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
sing4 sing6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzying ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-təŋ/
English assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1414 1415
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡljɯŋ/ /*ɡljɯŋs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to assist, to aid
  2. (archaic) a low-level assistant to the governor of a county
  3. Alternative form of (chéng).
  4. A surname​.
See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Original form of (zhěng, “to rescue”).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. to help, to rescue

ReadingsEdit

As a variant of :


KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 도울 (doul seung))

  1. (archaic) Hanja form? of (help).

Etymology 2Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 구원할 (guwonhal jeung))

  1. (obsolete) Alternative form of (Hanja form? of (help).)

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thừa, chẳng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit