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See also:
U+9677, 陷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9677

[U+9676]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9678]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中弓竹X (NLNHX), four-corner 77277, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1354, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1858, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4140, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9677

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l'oːmʔ
*l'oːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*kʰloːmʔ
*kʰloːmʔ, *ɡroːms
*ɡloːmʔ, *qroːm, *qroːms, *lomʔ
欿 *ɡloːmʔ
*ɡloːmʔ, *ɡluːms
*l'aːmʔ, *l'aːms
*ʔr'oːm, *kʰroːm, *kʰroːms
*ɡroːms
*ɡroːms
*ljom, *loms
*l̥ʰomʔ
*l̥ʰomʔ
*lom
*loms
*lom
*lom
*lomʔ
*kʰroːb

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
/ɕyan⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiã⁵³/
Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/ ~害
/xan⁴²/
Chengdu /xan¹³/
/ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
/xan²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/ 下~
/xæ̃⁴⁵/ ~在泥裡
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦe²³/
/ɦie²³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦa²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
/xɛ²²/
Tunxi /siɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /xan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /han⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /han²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ham⁵³/
Taoyuan /hɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ham²²/
Nanning /ham²²/
Hong Kong /hɐm²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ham²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ham³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ham³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (151)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠɛmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦᵚæmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəɨmH/
Li
Rong
/ɣɐmH/
Wang
Li
/ɣɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˤromʔ-s/
English fall into a pit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13556
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡroːms/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. submerge, sink, plunge
  2. trap

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. fall into
  2. cave in
  3. fall (castle)
  4. slide into

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ham) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hãm, hẳm, hỏm, hoắm, hóm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.