See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 170 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓中弓竹X (NLNHX), four-corner 77277)

  1. submerge, sink, plunge
  2. trap

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1354, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41707
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1858, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4140, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9677

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕian⁵¹/
Harbin /ɕian⁵³/
/ɕyan⁵³/
Tianjin /ɕian⁵³/
Jinan /ɕiã²¹/
Qingdao /ɕiã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕian³¹²/
Xi'an /ɕiã⁵³/
Xining /ɕiã²¹³/
Yinchuan /ɕian¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕian²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiɛn³⁵/ ~害
/xan⁴²/
Chengdu /xan¹³/
/ɕian¹³/
Guiyang /ɕian²¹³/
/xan²¹³/
Kunming /ɕiɛ̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ɕien⁴⁴/
Hefei /ɕiĩ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie⁴⁵/ 下~
/xæ̃⁴⁵/ ~在泥里
Pingyao /ɕiɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /ɕie⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ɦe¹³/
/ɦie¹³/
Suzhou /ɦiɪ³¹/
Hangzhou /ɦiẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦa²²/
Hui Shexian /ɕie²²/
/xɛ²²/
Tunxi /siɛ⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /xan⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /han⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /han²¹/
Hakka Meixian /ham⁵³/
Taoyuan /hɑm⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ham²²/
Nanning /ham²²/
Hong Kong /hɐm²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ham²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɑŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xaŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ham³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ham³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣɛmH/ /ɣămH/ /ɣɐmH/ /ɦɯæmH/ /ɦəɨmH/ /ɣɐmH/ /ɣɐmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiàn ‹ hɛmH › /*[ɢ]ˤromʔ-s/ fall into a pit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13556 3 /*ɡroːms/ 臽轉註字

DefinitionsEdit

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Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hãm, hẳm, hỏm, hoắm, hóm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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