ChineseEdit

 
ordinary; every; all; whatever; worldly
man; person; people
simp. and trad.
(凡人)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

凡人

  1. ordinary person; average person; common people
  2. mortal

SynonymsEdit

  • (ordinary person):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
にん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 凡人 (bjom nyin). Compare modern Hakka reading fàm-ngìn.

The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

凡人 (ぼんにん) (bonnin)

  1. an ordinary person
  2. a commoner, someone who is not nobility
Usage notesEdit

This reading appears to be somewhat less common than bonjin below.

The ordinary sense of this term is somewhat negative, with overtones of mediocre, unremarkable, lackluster.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぼん
Grade: S
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Shift in pronunciation from bonnin above, using the kan'on reading of jin for .

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

凡人 (ぼんじん) (bonjin)

  1. an ordinary person
  2. a commoner, someone who is not nobility
Usage notesEdit

This appears to be the more common reading.

The ordinary sense of this term is somewhat negative, with overtones of mediocre, unremarkable, lackluster.

SynonymsEdit
AntonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
はん
Grade: S
じん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Shift in pronunciation from bonnin or bonjin above, using the kan'on reading for both characters.

This reading appears in use by the 有職家 (yūsokuka, people well acquainted with the rites and ceremonies of the imperial court and nobility).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

凡人 (はんじん) (hanjin)

  1. (rare, possibly obsolete) an ordinary person, a commoner
Usage notesEdit

The hanjin reading is the least common.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan