Contents

ChineseEdit

hundred surname; family name; name
simp. and trad.
(百姓)
Literally: “hundred surnames - see 百家姓”.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

百姓

  1. the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ひゃく
Grade: 1
しょう
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 百姓(paek sjengH, literally hundred clans). Compare modern Hakka 百姓(pak-siang).[1]

The goon reading, so likely an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 ‎(hiragana ひゃくしょう, romaji hyakushō, historical hiragana ひやくしやう)

  1. commoners, the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens
  2. a farmer; a peasant; the peasantry in general
  3. in reference to the Edo period, short for 本百姓(honbyakushō, the hundred commoner families, a class of farmers with specific rights and responsibilities)
  4. country bumpkin
SynonymsEdit
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

百姓する ‎(hiragana ひゃくしょうする, romaji hyakushō suru, historical hiragana ひやくしやうする)

  1. to farm, to till the fields
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

Kan'on reading of both characters, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 ‎(hiragana はくせい, romaji hakusei)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひゃく
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

Kan'on reading of the second character, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 ‎(hiragana ひゃくせい, romaji hyakusei, historical hiragana ひやくせい)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 4Edit

Non-palatalized variant of hyakushō reading, commonly found in writings from the Heian period through the Muromachi period.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 ‎(hiragana ひゃくそう, romaji hyakusō, historical hiragana ひやくさう)

  1. (obsolete) See under Etymology 1

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3