Contents

ChineseEdit

hundred surname; family name; name
simp. and trad.
(百姓)
Literally: “hundred surnames - see 百家姓 (Bǎijiāxìng)”.

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

百姓

  1. the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
ひゃく
Grade: 1
しょう
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese compound 百姓 (paek sjengH, literally hundred clans). Compare modern Hakka 百姓 (pak-siang).[1]

The goon reading, so likely an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくしょう, rōmaji hyakushō, historical hiragana ひやくしやう)

  1. commoners, the common people; the masses; ordinary citizens
  2. a farmer; a peasant; the peasantry in general
  3. in reference to the Edo period, short for 本百姓 (honbyakushō, the hundred commoner families, a class of farmers with specific rights and responsibilities)
  4. country bumpkin
SynonymsEdit
IdiomsEdit
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

百姓する (hiragana ひゃくしょう, rōmaji hyakushou, historical hiragana ひやくしやう)

  1. to farm, to till the fields
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
はく
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

Kan'on reading of both characters, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana はくせい, rōmaji hakusei)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
ひゃく
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

Kan'on reading of the second character, influenced by later borrowing from Middle Chinese.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくせい, rōmaji hyakusei, historical hiragana ひやくせい)

  1. (rare) See under Etymology 1

Etymology 4Edit

Non-palatalized variant of hyakushō reading, commonly found in writings from the Heian period through the Muromachi period.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

百姓 (hiragana ひゃくそう, rōmaji hyakusō, historical hiragana ひやくさう)

  1. (obsolete) See under Etymology 1

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3