Japanese edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1

Etymology edit

From Old Japanese いだす (idasu), most likely fused from 出づ (idu) with the transitive giver -asu, ultimately from Proto-Japonic *intu (to come out).

First cited to the Man'yōshū of circa 759 CE.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "出す"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
出す [dáꜜsù]
Imperative (命令形) 出せ [dáꜜsè]
Key constructions
Passive 出される され [dàsáréꜜrù]
Causative 出させる させ [dàsáséꜜrù]
Potential 出せる [dàséꜜrù]
Volitional 出そう [dàsóꜜò]
Negative 出さない ない [dàsáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 出さなかった なかった [dàsáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 出します しま [dàshímáꜜsù]
Perfective 出した した [dáꜜshìtà]
Conjunctive 出して して [dáꜜshìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 出せば せば [dáꜜsèbà]

Verb edit

() (dasutransitive godan (stem () (dashi), past ()した (dashita))

Japanese verb pair
active 出す
mediopassive 出る
  1. to take out, to get out
  2. to put forth; to show or reveal
    gū o dasu
    to play rock [in rock-paper-scissors]
    kekka o dasu
    to yield results
    kotae o dasu
    to produce an answer
    erā o dasu
    to spit out an error message
    oto o dasu
    to sound, to emit a sound, to produce a sound, to strike a note
  3. to submit, to turn in
    purinto o dasu
    to turn in the worksheet
  4. to publish, to make public
  5. to demonstrate, to show
    yaru ki o dasu
    to demonstrate motivation
    • 2011, Barack Obama, 中東と北アフリカに関するバラク・オバマの演説, translation of "Remarks by the President on the Middle East and North Africa":
      Shiria kokumin wa yūki o dashite, minshushugi e no ikō o yōkyū shita.
      The Syrian people have shown their courage in demanding a transition to democracy.
  6. to send something, like a letter
    tegami o dasu
    to post a letter
  7. to begin, give rise to
  8. to permeate
  9. (of food) to serve
    Ano resutoran wa ii shokuji o dasu.
    That restaurant serves good meals.
  10. to emit (light), to utter (a sound or a voice)
    koe o dasu
    to speak
    oto o dasu
    to make a sound
  11. (vulgar) (specifically) to ejaculate

Suffix edit

() (-dasugodan (stem () (-dashi), past ()した (-dashita))

  1. to begin to do something
    to begin to move
  2. (with movement verbs) out
    to jump out, to fly out

Conjugation edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1974), 新明解国語辞典 (in Japanese), Second edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN