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周瑜打黃蓋——一個願打,一個願挨

ChineseEdit

Zhou Yu
 
beat; strike; break; mix up; build; fight; fetch; make; tie up; issue; shoot; calculate; since; from; dozen
Huang Gai {{n-g|Combination of the numeral 一|one and the generic classifier: a; an; one
 
hope; wish; desire; ready; willing
 
beat; strike; break; mix up; build; fight; fetch; make; tie up; issue; shoot; calculate; since; from; dozen
{{n-g|Combination of the numeral 一|one and the generic classifier: a; an; one
 
hope; wish; desire; ready; willing
 
next to; suffer (hunger); endure; drag out; delay; stall; play for time; lean to; in order; in sequence
trad. (周瑜打黃蓋——一個願打,一個願挨) —— 一個 一個
simp. (周瑜打黄盖——一个愿打,一个愿挨) —— 一个 一个

EtymologyEdit

A xiehouyu from the Romance of the Three Kingdoms.

Literally, “Zhou Yu attacks Huang Gai ― one is willing to give a beating, and one is willing to take a beating”. Zhou Yu wanted Huang Gai, his subordinate, to pretend to defect to Cao Cao's side so that Huang Gai could gain Cao Cao's trust. This allowed Huang Gai to set fire to Cao Cao's fleet during the Battle of Red Cliffs, forcing Cao Cao to retreat. Zhou Yu had Huang Gai flogged in front of Cao Cao's spies so that they would not be suspicious.

PronunciationEdit


  • Mandarin
    • (Standard Chinese)+
      • Pinyin: Zhōu Yú dǎ Huáng Gài, yīgè yuàn dǎ, yīgè yuàn ái [Phonetic: Zhōu Yú dǎ Huáng Gài, gè yuàn dǎ, gè yuàn ái]
      • Zhuyin: ㄓㄡ ㄩˊ ㄉㄚˇ ㄏㄨㄤˊ ㄍㄞˋ, ㄧ ㄍㄜˋ ㄩㄢˋ ㄉㄚˇ, ㄧ ㄍㄜˋ ㄩㄢˋ ㄞˊ
      • Gwoyeu Romatzyh: Jou Yu daa Hwang Gay, ii yuann daa, ii yuann air
      • Tongyong Pinyin: Jhou Yú dǎ Huáng Gài, yigè yuàn dǎ, yigè yuàn ái
      • Sinological IPA (key): /ʈ͡ʂoʊ̯⁵⁵ y³⁵ tä²¹⁴⁻²¹¹ xwɑŋ³⁵ kaɪ̯⁵¹ i⁵⁵⁻³⁵ kɤ⁵¹⁻⁵³ ɥɛn⁵¹ tä²¹⁴⁻²¹¹ i⁵⁵⁻³⁵ kɤ⁵¹⁻⁵³ ɥɛn⁵¹ ˀaɪ̯³⁵/
  • Cantonese
    • (Standard Cantonese, Guangzhou)+
      • Jyutping: zau1 jyu4 daa2 wong4 goi3, jat1 go3 jyun6 daa2, jat1 go3 jyun6 ngaai4
      • Yale: jāu yùh dá wòhng goi, yāt go yuhn dá, yāt go yuhn ngàaih
      • Cantonese Pinyin: dzau1 jy4 daa2 wong4 goi3, jat7 go3 jyn6 daa2, jat7 go3 jyn6 ngaai4
      • Guangdong Romanization: zeo1 yu4 da2 wong4 goi3, yed1 go3 yun6 da2, yed1 go3 yun6 ngai4
      • Sinological IPA (key): /t͡sɐu̯⁵⁵ jyː²¹ täː³⁵ wɔːŋ²¹ kɔːy̯³³ jɐt̚⁵ kɔː³³ jyːn²² täː³⁵ jɐt̚⁵ kɔː³³ jyːn²² ŋäːi̯²¹/

IdiomEdit

周瑜打黃蓋——一個願打,一個願挨

  1. describes a situation in which one person is willing to abuse another person, while the other person is willing to bear the abuse
  2. both parties agree of free will, mutual consent; to willingly submit to something

See alsoEdit