Last modified on 11 January 2015, at 12:41

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
打-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (hand) + phonetic 

This word was pronounced *teŋ in Old Chinese, as would be expected from a 丁 phonetic. (The word was previously written with 丁 itself before the addition of the 扌 component.) By the early Ming period, the character had been borrowed for another word with the same meaning but a different pronunciation (Middle Chinese ta). There appears to be no etymological relationship between the two words. In Chinese, the new reading became standard; however, derivations of the older pronunciation are still used in Japanese (ちょう chō, てい tei) and Vietnamese (đánh).

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 手一弓 (QMN), four-corner 51020, composition)

  1. strike, hit, beat
  2. fight
  3. attack
  4. shoot (i.e. a firearm, as in 打枪)
  5. fetch
  6. to play

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 417, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1825, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6253

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping daa1, daa2, Yale da1, da2)

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ta, jeong) (hangeul , , revised ta, jeong, McCune-Reischauer t'a, chŏng, Yale tha, ceng)

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MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin (da3), (da2), Wade-Giles ta3, ta2)

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CompoundsEdit


Middle ChineseEdit

Han characterEdit

(děng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đả, đánh, dừng, đử)

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