Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
打-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 手一弓 (QMN), four-corner 51020, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 417, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1825, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6253

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
打-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *rteŋʔ, *teːŋʔ): semantic  ‎(hand) + phonetic  ‎(OC *rteːŋ, *teːŋ)

Etymology 1Edit

This word was pronounced *teŋ in Old Chinese, as would be expected from a (dīng) phonetic. By the early Ming period, the character had been borrowed for another word with the same meaning but a different pronunciation, without the nasal ending. This may be related to the previous reading, as a dialectal variant. In Mandarin and some other dialects, the new reading became standard; however, derivations of the older pronunciation are still used in some dialects (Wu, Min Nan), Japanese (ちょう ‎(chō), てい ‎(tei)) and Vietnamese (đánh).

Also compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *dah ~ daʔ ‎(to hit, to meet), whence Mon ဒး ‎(tɛ̀h, to hit (a mark), meet with, reach [goal], be correct, apposite, to fit) and Khmer ទះ ‎(teăh, to slap, to strike).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ta²¹⁴/
Harbin /ta²¹³/
Tianjin /tɑ¹³/
Jinan /ta⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ta⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ta⁵³/
Xi'an /ta⁵³/
Xining /ta⁵³/
Yinchuan /ta⁵³/
Lanzhou /ta⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ta⁵¹/
Wuhan /ta⁴²/
Chengdu /ta⁵³/
Guiyang /ta⁴²/
Kunming /ta̠⁵³/
Nanjing /tɑ²¹²/
Hefei /ta²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ta⁵³/
Pingyao /tɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /ta⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /tã³⁵/
Suzhou /tã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tɑ⁵³/
Wenzhou /tiɛ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ta³⁵/
Tunxi /ta³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ta⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ta³¹/
Taoyuan /tɑ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ta³⁵/
Nanning /ta³⁵/
Hong Kong /ta³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tã⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ta³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ta²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan) /fa⁵⁵/ 訓拍

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (5) (5)
Final () (109) (125)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɣæŋX/ /teŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɯaŋX/ /teŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/taŋX/ /tɛŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taɨjŋX/ /tɛjŋX/
Li
Rong
/tɐŋX/ /teŋX/
Wang
Li
/tɐŋX/ /tieŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɐŋX/ /tieŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
d- dǐng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2368 2391
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rteŋʔ/ /*teːŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hit, to strike, to slap
    /   ―  Bié rén.  ―  Don't hit people.
  2. to beat up
  3. the act of beating up
    /   ―  Tā ái le yī dùn .  ―  He was beaten up.
  4. to perform (a martial art)
    太極拳 / 太极拳  ―  tàijíquán  ―  to perform Tai Chi
  5. to get
      ―  shuǐ  ―  to get water
  6. to guess; (the riddle) is about
    人物  ―  yī rénwù  ―  to guess a person
  7. to buy (meat, soy sauce, oil, etc. at a grocery store)
    醬油 / 酱油  ―  jiàngyóu  ―  to buy soy sauce
  8. to make (a gesture, signal, etc.)
  9. to send or call
    電報 / 电报  ―  diànbào  ―  to send a telegraph
    電話 / 电话  ―  diànhuà  ―  to call someone's telephone
    手機 / 手机  ―  shǒujī  ―  to call someone's cellphone
  10. to pump (a tire, etc.)
    /   ―    ―  to pump air into something
  11. (involving gunpowder) to fire off; to set off
    /   ―  qiāng  ―  to fire a gun (mainly used in China)
    炮仗 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 paau3 zoeng2 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off a firecracker
  12. (computing) to type
    o的 / o的 [Cantonese]  ―  "di1" zi6 dim2 daa2? [Jyutping]  ―  How do you type "o的"?
  13. to use (a computer)
    電腦 / 电脑  ―  diànnǎo  ―  to use a computer
  14. to play (a video game or console)
    電動 / 电动  ―  diàndòng  ―  to play video game
  15. to play (a sport involving balls with hand)
    壁球  ―  bìqiú  ―  to play squash
    /   ―  yī chǎng shū yī chǎng  ―  play a round and lose a round
    [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 bo1 [Jyutping]  ―  to play a ball game
  16. to play (mahjong)
    麻雀 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 maa4 zoek3-2 [Jyutping]  ―  to play mahjong
  17. to play the drums
      ―    ―  to play the drums
  18. (vulgar) sexual activity
      ―  pào  ―  to have sex
    手槍 / 手枪  ―  shǒuqiāng  ―  to masturbate
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of ("to hit, to strike")
Variety Location Words
Mandarin Beijing
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou

Etymology 2Edit

From English dozen.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Classifier: dozen

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(katakana ダース, romaji dāsu) (The kanji is ateji)

  1. dozen

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ta, jeong) (hangeul , , revised ta, jeong, McCune-Reischauer t'a, chŏng, Yale tha, ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đả, đánh, dừng, đử)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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