Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
打-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(hand) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 手一弓 (QMN), four-corner 51020, composition)

  1. strike, hit, beat
  2. fight
  3. attack
  4. shoot (i.e. a firearm, as in 打枪)
  5. fetch
  6. to play
  7. a dozen (as a unit of measurement)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 417, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11781
  • Dae Jaweon: page 763, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1825, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6253

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

This word was pronounced *teŋ in Old Chinese, as would be expected from a phonetic. (The word was previously written with itself before the addition of the component.) By the early Ming period, the character had been borrowed for another word with the same meaning but a different pronunciation (Middle Chinese ta). There appears to be no etymological relationship between the two words. In Chinese, the new reading became standard; however, derivations of the older pronunciation are still used in Japanese (ちょう chō, てい tei) and Vietnamese (đánh).

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ta²¹⁴/
Harbin /ta²¹³/
Tianjin /tɑ¹³/
Jinan /ta⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ta⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ta⁵³/
Xi'an /ta⁵³/
Xining /ta⁵³/
Yinchuan /ta⁵³/
Lanzhou /ta⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ta⁵¹/
Wuhan /ta⁴²/
Chengdu /ta⁵³/
Guiyang /ta⁴²/
Kunming /ta̠⁵³/
Nanjing /tɑ²¹²/
Hefei /ta²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ta⁵³/
Pingyao /tɑ⁵³/
Hohhot /ta⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /tã³⁵/
Suzhou /tã⁵¹/
Hangzhou /tɑ⁵³/
Wenzhou /tiɛ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ta³⁵/
Tunxi /ta³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ta⁴¹/
Xiangtan /tɒ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /tɑ²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /ta³¹/
Taoyuan /tɑ³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ta³⁵/
Nanning /ta³⁵/
Hong Kong /ta³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tã⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ta³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ta²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan)
Haikou (Min Nan) /fa⁵⁵/ 训拍
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (5)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tɣæŋX/ /tɐŋX/ /tɐŋX/ /tɯaŋX/ /taɨjŋX/ /tɐŋX/ /taŋX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (5)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teŋX/ /tieŋX/ /teŋX/ /teŋX/ /tɛjŋX/ /tieŋX/ /tɛŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2368 0 /*rteŋʔ/ 變音,見通俗文
2391 0 /*teːŋʔ/ 見通俗文

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to hit, to strike, to slap
  2. to get
      ―  shuǐ  ―  to get water
  3. to send or call
    電報 / 电报  ―  diànbào  ―  to send telegraph
    電話 / 电话  ―  diànhuà  ―  to call someone's telephone
    手機 / 手机  ―  shǒujī  ―  to call someone's cellphone
  4. to pump (a tire)
    /   ―    ―  to pump air into something
  5. (involving gunpowder) to fire off; to set off
    /   ―  qiāng  ―  to fire a gun (mainly used in China)
    炮仗 [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 paau3 zoeng2 [Jyutping]  ―  to set off a firecracker
  6. (computing) to type
    o的 [Cantonese, trad.]
    o的 [Cantonese, simp.]
    "di1" zi6 dim2 daa2? [Jyutping]
    How do you type "o的"?
  7. (computing) to use (a computer)
    電腦 / 电脑  ―  diànnǎo  ―  to use a computer
  8. to play (a video game or console)
    電動 / 电动  ―  diàndòng  ―  to play video game
  9. to play (a sport involving balls with hand)
    壁球  ―  bìqiú  ―  to play squash
    /   ―  yī chǎng shū yī chǎng  ―  play a round and lose a round
    [Cantonese]  ―  daa2 bo1 [Jyutping]  ―  to play a ball game
  10. (vulgar) sexual activity
      ―  pào  ―  to sex
    手槍 / 手枪  ―  shǒuqiāng  ―  to masturbate

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(katakana ダース, romaji dāsu) (The kanji is ateji)

  1. dozen

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ta, jeong) (hangeul , , revised ta, jeong, McCune-Reischauer t'a, chŏng, Yale tha, ceng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đả, đánh, dừng, đử)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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