|day; sky; heaven||dog|
|simp. and trad.
|Kanji in this term|
|く > ぐ|
The Chinese version of tengu (Tiangou) was originally more of a dog-like spirit or falling star. As the term and idea were imported into Japanese, the character became associated with 修験道 (“Shugendō, a kind of syncretism of Buddhist and native Japanese elements”), and the Japanese tengu changed to resemble either a long-nosed 山伏 (yamabushi, “mountain monk”, a practitioner of Shugendō) with bright-red skin, or a crow.
- (Japanese mythology, Shinto, folklore) a tengu, a mythical Japanese creature, typically birdlike and having a long nose
- Samazama na koto o shitte iru tengu. Jintsūriki ga tsukaeru to iu.
- An omniscient tengu. They say it uses divine power.
- (figuratively) a yamabushi
- (Noh) a tengu mask
- (historical) the Christian devil
- (figuratively, from the tengu's long nose) pridefulness; someone who is very prideful, boastful, or full of oneself (compare English look down one's nose)
- 天狗鮫 (tenguzame): Mitsukurina owstoni, the goblin shark
- 天狗猿 (tenguzaru): Nasalis larvatus, the proboscis monkey
- 天狗貝 (tengugai): Chicoreus ramosus, the ramose murex or branched murex
- 天狗鍬形 (tengu kuwagata): Veronica serpyllifolia, the thyme-leaved speedwell or thymeleaf speedwell
- 天狗根性 (tengukonjō): a self-centered personality, a prideful or boastful disposition
- 天狗酒 (tenguzake): a feast, banquet, or party with lots of alcohol; a drinking party
- 天狗星 (tengusei): a kind of shooting star, one that includes a loud sound and a bright light
- 天狗巣 (tengusu): literally “tengu nest”, a place on a tree where many small branches grow
- 天狗巣病 (tengusuyō): literally “tengu nest disease”, a microbial infection of cherry and other trees that causes a cluster of many small branches and knots
- 天狗茸 (tengutake): Amanita pantherina, the poisonous panther cap or false blusher mushroom
- → Chinese: 天狗 (reborrowed for the Japanese sense)
- → English: tengu
- → French: tengu
- → Korean: 텐구 (ten-gu)
- → Russian: тэнгу (tɛngu)
- ^ 1988, 国語大辞典（新装版） (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
- ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
- ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
- ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN