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ChineseEdit

day; sky; heaven dog
simp. and trad.
(天狗)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
天狗 (Written Standard Chinese?)
天狗 (日本) (Written Standard Chinese?)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

天狗

  1. (Chinese mythology) tiangou
  2. (Japanese mythology, Shinto, folklore) tengu

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (天狗):

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
天狗 (tengu): a large tengu mask.
Kanji in this term
てん
Grade: 1
く > ぐ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 天狗 (MC tʰen kəuX, “heaven + dog”). First appears in the Nihon Shoki (720 CE).

The Chinese version of tengu (Tiangou) was originally more of a dog-like spirit or falling star. As the term and idea were imported into Japanese, the character became associated with 修験道 (Shugendō, a kind of syncretism of Buddhist and native Japanese elements), and the Japanese tengu changed to resemble either a long-nosed 山伏 (yamabushi, mountain monk, a practitioner of Shugendō) with bright-red skin, or a crow.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

天狗 (hiragana てんぐ, rōmaji tengu)

  1. (Japanese mythology, Shinto, folklore) a tengu, a mythical Japanese creature, typically birdlike and having a long nose
    • 1999 September 23, “カラスてん [Crow Tengu]”, in Vol.5 (in Japanese), Konami:
       (さま) (ざま)なことを ()っている (てん) () (じん) (つう) (りき)使 (つか)えるという。
      Samazama na koto o shitte iru tengu. Jintsūriki ga tsukaeru to iu.
      An omniscient tengu. They say it uses divine power.
  2. (figuratively) a yamabushi
  3. (Noh) a tengu mask
  4. (historical) the Christian devil
  5. (figuratively, from the tengu's long nose) pridefulness; someone who is very prideful, boastful, or full of oneself (compare English look down one's nose)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN