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See also: 豿
U+72D7, 狗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72D7

[U+72D6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72D8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹心口 (KHPR), four-corner 47220, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 709, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1341, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+72D7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 豿 “cub”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koːs
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːʔ): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

EtymologyEdit

From some language ancestral to modern Hmong-Mien languages, from Proto-Hmong-Mien *qluwˣ (dog), perhaps from Proto-Austronesian *(u-)(ŋ)kuɣkuɣ (dog).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ě - vernacular;
  • gě - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • káu - vernacular;
    • kó͘/kió - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kəuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kəuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gǒu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.kˁroʔ/
    English dog

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7068
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

     

    1. dog (Classifier: m c;  m)
      /   ―  wèi gǒu  ―  to feed a dog
        ―  lèi chéng gǒu  ―  extremely tired [lit. tired to the point of becoming a dog]
    2. Used as a derogatory expression.
      老娘 [MSC, trad.]
      老娘 [MSC, simp.]
      Kàn lǎoniáng chuí bào nǐ de gǒu tóu! [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
      1. (derogatory) despicable; nasty
        男女  ―  gǒu nánnǚ  ―  couple in an illicit love affair
    3. (chiefly Beijing) to flatter
    4. (Hong Kong, slang, derogatory) police; pig
      大隊 [Cantonese, trad.]
      大队 [Cantonese, simp.]
      From: 2019, [1]
      jyun4 zo2 gan1 daai6 deoi6 heoi3 gau2 uk1 [Jyutping]
      follow us to the dog house (police headquarters) afterwards
      行動 [Cantonese, trad.]
      行动 [Cantonese, simp.]
      From: 2019, [2]
      lan2 gau2 hang4 dung6 [Jyutping]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    5. cub; young bear or tiger
    6. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“dog”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Harbin
    Jinan
    Muping 狗子,
    Luoyang
    Wanrong
    Xi'an
    Xining
    Xuzhou
    Yinchuan
    Lanzhou
    Ürümqi
    Wuhan 狗子, 狗狗 childish, 來富 dated
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Guilin
    Liuzhou
    Yangzhou , 狗子
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Nantong 狗子
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Foshan
    Shunde
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Dongguan
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Yudu 狗子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 狗仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 狗仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) , 狗仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 狗兒,
    Xinzhou
    Min Bei Jian'ou 狗仔,
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 犬囝
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Pingtan
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Ningde
    Shouning
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan 狗仔
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang
    Yilan
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Wu Shanghai , 汪汪狗 childish
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou , 𡀿𡀿 childish
    Chongming
    Danyang 狗子
    Jinhua
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou
    • (Hong Kong: police): 警犬 (jǐngquǎn)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():

    ReferencesEdit

    • Entry #4345”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.
    • Peyraube, Alain. "Ancient Chinese." The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages. Ed. Roger D. Woodard. Cambridge UP, 2004. 1012.

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. puppy, dog
    2. a sentinel
    3. a snoop or spy
    4. useless, wasteful

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (ku)
    • Kan-on: こう ()
    • Kun: いぬ (inu, )

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 3565
    • Halpern: 345
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: 2341
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3g5.5
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.


    Kanji in this term
    いぬ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (counter , hiragana いぬ, katakana イヌ, rōmaji inu)

    1. Alternative spelling of

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gu) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: cẩu ((cử)(hậu)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: cẩu[1][3][5]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit