See also: 豿
U+72D7, 狗
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-72D7

[U+72D6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+72D8]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 94, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大竹心口 (KHPR), four-corner 47220, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 709, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 20345
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1121, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1341, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+72D7

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 豿 “cub”

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːʔ): semantic  (dog) + phonetic  (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo).

EtymologyEdit

From some language ancestral to modern Hmong-Mien languages, from Proto-Hmong-Mien *qluwˣ (dog), perhaps from Proto-Austronesian *(u-)(ŋ)kuɣkuɣ (dog) (Norman, 1988; Benedict, 1996).

Alternatively, STEDT derives this from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-kʷəj-n (dog), whence also (OC *kʰʷeːnʔ).

Less likely, it may be related to (OC *ko, “foal”), (OC *kluː, “lamb”), 𤘽 (“calf”) (Wang, 1982).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ě - vernacular;
  • gě - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • káu - vernacular;
    • kó͘/kió - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kəuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kəuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kəwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /kəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    gǒu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    gǒu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.kˁroʔ/
    English dog

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7068
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

     

    1. dog (Classifier: m c;  m)
      /   ―  wèi gǒu  ―  to feed a dog
        ―  lèi chéng gǒu  ―  extremely tired [lit. tired to the point of becoming a dog]
    2. Used as a derogatory expression.
      老娘 [MSC, trad.]
      老娘 [MSC, simp.]
      Kàn lǎoniáng chuí bào nǐ de gǒu tóu! [Pinyin]
      See how I hammer you in your goddamn head!
      1. (derogatory) despicable; nasty
        男女  ―  gǒu nánnǚ  ―  couple in an illicit love affair
    3. (chiefly Beijing) to flatter
    4. (Hong Kong, slang, derogatory) police; pig
      大隊 [Cantonese, trad.]
      大队 [Cantonese, simp.]
      From: 2019, [1]
      jyun4 zo2 gan1 daai6 deoi6 heoi3 gau2 uk1 [Jyutping]
      follow us to the dog house (=police headquarters) afterwards
      行動 [Cantonese, trad.]
      行动 [Cantonese, simp.]
      From: 2019, [2]
      lan2 gau2 hang4 dung6 [Jyutping]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    5. cub; young bear or tiger
    6. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    • (Hong Kong: police): 警犬 (jǐngquǎn)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Vietnamese: cẩu ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. puppy, dog
    2. a sentinel
    3. a snoop or spy
    4. useless, wasteful

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: (ku)
    • Kan-on: こう ()
    • Kun: いぬ (inu, )

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • New Nelson: 3565
    • Halpern: 345
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: 2341
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3g5.5
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.


    Kanji in this term
    いぬ
    Hyōgaiji
    kun’yomi

    NounEdit

    (いぬ) (inu (counter )

    1. Alternative spelling of

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gu) (hangeul )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: cẩu ((cử)(hậu)(thiết))[1][2][3][4]
    : Nôm readings: cẩu[1][3][5]

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit