See also: Mask, mask., and māsk-

English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative forms

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masque (obsolete)

Pronunciation

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A man wearing a mask
 
President of Taiwan Tsai Ing-wen wearing a mask

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Middle French masque (a covering to hide or protect the face), from Italian maschera (mask, disguise), from (a byform of, see it for more) Medieval Latin masca, mascha, a borrowing of Proto-West Germanic *maskā from which English mesh is regularly inherited.

Replaced Old English grīma (mask), whence grime, and displaced non-native Middle English viser (visor, mask) borrowed from Old French viser, visier.

Compare also Hebrew מַסֵּכָה (masseiḥa).

Alternative forms

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Noun

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mask (plural masks)

  1. A cover, or partial cover, for the face, used for disguise or protection.
    a dancer's mask; a fencer's mask; a ball player's mask
    • 2022 March 1, Joe Biden, “Remarks of President Joe Biden – State of the Union Address As Prepared for Delivery”, in whitehouse.gov[1], archived from the original on 02 March 2022:
      Just a few days ago, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention—the CDC—issued new mask guidelines.
      Under these new guidelines, most Americans in most of the country can now be mask free.
      And based on the projections, more of the country will reach that point across the next couple of weeks.
  2. That which disguises; a pretext or subterfuge.
    • 2021 October 26, Stephanie Zacharek, “The 19 Most Underrated Movies on Netflix”, in Time[2]:
      Grouchy and wary and tender, he’s a sozzled hedonist seemingly out for himself—though his party-animal facade is just a mask for his bottomless generosity.
  3. (poetic) Appearance, likeness.
  4. A festive entertainment of dancing or other diversions, where all wear masks; a masquerade.
    • 1667, John Milton, “(please specify the page number)”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], and are to be sold by Peter Parker []; [a]nd by Robert Boulter []; [a]nd Matthias Walker, [], →OCLC; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, →OCLC:
      This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask.
  5. A person wearing a mask.
    • 1880, George Washington Cable, The Grandissimes: A Story of Creole Life:
      the mask that has the arm of the Indian queen
    • 1749, Henry Fielding, The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling:
      Jones, now taking the mask by the hand, fell to entreating her in the most earnest manner, to acquaint him where he might find Sophia; and when he could obtain no direct answer, he began to upbraid her gently []
  6. (obsolete) A dramatic performance in which the actors wore masks and represented mythical or allegorical characters.
  7. (architecture) A grotesque head or face, used to adorn keystones and other prominent parts, to spout water in fountains, and the like.
    Synonym: mascaron
  8. (fortification) In a permanent fortification, a redoubt which protects the caponiere.
  9. (fortification) A screen for a battery.
  10. (zoology) The lower lip of the larva of a dragonfly, modified so as to form a prehensile organ.
  11. (publishing, film) A flat covering used to block off an unwanted portion of a scene or image.
  12. (computing, programming) A pattern of bits used in bitwise operations; bitmask.
  13. (computer graphics) A two-color (black and white) bitmap generated from an image, used to create transparency in the image.
  14. (heraldry) The head of a fox, shown face-on and cut off immediately behind the ears.
     
    A fox's mask.
  15. (psychology) A social phenomenon where autistic people learn, practice, and perform certain behaviors and suppress others in order to appear more neurotypical.
Synonyms
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Hyponyms
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Derived terms
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Translations
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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Verb

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mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive) To cover (the face or something else), in order to conceal the identity or protect against injury; to cover with a mask or visor.
  2. (transitive) To disguise as something else.
  3. (transitive) To conceal from view or knowledge; to cover; to hide.
    • c. 1606 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act III, scene i]:
      Masking the business from the common eye
    • 1998, Rudolf Jakhel, Modern Sports Karate: Basics of Techniques and Tactics, Meyer & Meyer Sport, →ISBN:
      The opponent must not be able to recognize when we inhale and when we exhale. We achieve this by breathing with the diaphragm and we do not raise the shoulders while breathing. In particular we must mask when we are out of breath.
    • 2020, Lisa Morgan, Mary Donahue, Living with PTSD on the Autism Spectrum: Insightful Analysis with Practical Applications, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, →ISBN, page 118:
      Many autistic people have language and cognitive skills; [and] they mask their autism, cover up social discomfort, and work hard to be someone they are not, so people often see them as “fitting in” just fine.
  4. (transitive, military) To conceal; also, to intervene in the line of.
  5. (transitive, military) To cover or keep in check.
    to mask a body of troops or a fortess by a superior force, while some hostile evolution is being carried out
  6. (intransitive) To take part as a masker in a masquerade.
    • c. 1591–1595 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Romeo and Ivliet”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene v]:
      Come Pentecost as quickly as it will,
      Some five and twenty years, and then we mask’d.
    • 1641, George Cavendish, Thomas Wolsey, Late Cardinall, his Lyffe and Deathe:
      noble Gentilmen / who daunced & masked wt thes fayer ladyes & gentillwomen
  7. (intransitive) To wear a mask.
    • 2020 December 30, Jaren Kerr, “Flu almost non-existent this year as coronavirus cases rise across Canada”, in The Globe and Mail[3]:
      Dr. Shelita Dattani, director of professional affairs at the Canadian Pharmacists Association, says [] . “The efforts that we’re taking to reduce the spread of COVID are working … people are masking and distancing and staying away from each other and using hand hygiene, so I think all of these efforts combined are contributing to lower rates.”
  8. (intransitive, obsolete) To disguise oneself, to be disguised in any way.
  9. (intransitive) To conceal or disguise one's autism.
    • 2018, Sally Cat, PDA by PDAers: From Anxiety to Avoidance and Masking to Meltdowns, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, →ISBN, page 86:
      Masking is exhausting and some autistics require copious amounts of time afterwards to recover from hiding who they are and pretending to be someone they aren't. Even when autistics mask they don't always pass fully as an NT person.
    • 2021, Yenn Purkis, Wenn B. Lawson, The Autistic Trans Guide to Life, Jessica Kingsley Publishers, →ISBN, page 132:
      So, masking seems to be a very poor explanation for the difference in gender diagnosis of autism. In particular, masking requires theory of mind. How can autistic people successfully mask if they struggle with this ability?
  10. (transitive) to cover or shield a part of a design or picture in order to prevent reproduction or to safeguard the surface from the colors used when working with an air brush or painting
  11. (transitive, computing) To set or unset (certain bits, or binary digits, within a value) by means of a bitmask.
    • 1993, Richard E. Haskell, Introduction to computer engineering, page 287:
      That is, the lower nibble (the 4 bits 1010 = A) has been masked to zero. This is because ANDing anything with a zero produces a zero, while ANDing any bit with a 1 leaves the bit unchanged []
  12. (transitive, computing) To disable (an interrupt, etc.) by setting or unsetting the associated bit.
    • 1998, Rick Grehan, Robert Moote, Ingo Cyliax, Real-Time Programming: A Guide to 32-bit Embedded Development, page 199:
      Some hardware interrupts can be masked, or disabled; that is, the CPU is told to ignore them.
Derived terms
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Translations
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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2

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From Middle English maske, from Old English max, masċ (net), from Proto-West Germanic *maskā (mesh, netting, mask). Doublet of mesh and mask above.

Noun

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mask (plural masks)

  1. mesh
  2. (UK dialectal, Scotland) The mesh of a net; a net; net-bag.

Etymology 3

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From Middle English *mask, masch, from Old English māx, māsc (mash). Doublet of mash.

Noun

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mask (plural masks)

  1. (UK dialectal) Mash.

Verb

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mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive, UK dialectal) To mash.
  2. (transitive, UK dialectal) (brewing) To mix malt with hot water to yield wort.
  3. (transitive, Scotland dialectal) To be infused or steeped.
  4. (UK dialectal, Scotland) To prepare tea in a teapot; alternative to brew.

Etymology 4

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From Middle English masken, short for *maskeren, malskren (to bewilder; be confused, wander). More at masker.

Verb

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mask (third-person singular simple present masks, present participle masking, simple past and past participle masked)

  1. (transitive, UK dialectal) To bewilder; confuse.

References

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Anagrams

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Chinese

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Etymology

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From English mask.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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mask

  1. (Hong Kong Cantonese) facial mask

Synonyms

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References

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Estonian

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Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Etymology

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Borrowed from French masque

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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mask (genitive maski, partitive maski)

  1. mask

Declension

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Declension of mask (ÕS type 22e/riik, length gradation)
singular plural
nominative mask maskid
accusative nom.
gen. maski
genitive maskide
partitive maski maske
maskisid
illative maski
maskisse
maskidesse
maskesse
inessive maskis maskides
maskes
elative maskist maskidest
maskest
allative maskile maskidele
maskele
adessive maskil maskidel
maskel
ablative maskilt maskidelt
maskelt
translative maskiks maskideks
maskeks
terminative maskini maskideni
essive maskina maskidena
abessive maskita maskideta
comitative maskiga maskidega

Compounds

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Further reading

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  • mask”, in [EKSS] Eesti keele seletav sõnaraamat [Descriptive Dictionary of the Estonian Language] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2009
  • mask”, in [ÕS] Eesti õigekeelsussõnaraamat ÕS 2018 [Estonian Spelling Dictionary] (in Estonian) (online version), Tallinn: Eesti Keele Sihtasutus (Estonian Language Foundation), 2018, →ISBN
  • mask in Sõnaveeb (Eesti Keele Instituut)

Swedish

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Etymology 1

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From Old Swedish maþker, from Old Norse maðkr. Cognate with English mawk, Danish maddike and Finnish matikka.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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mask c

  1. worm
Declension
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Declension of mask 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mask masken maskar maskarna
Genitive masks maskens maskars maskarnas
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from French masque.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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mask c

  1. mask; a cover designed to disguise or protect the face
Declension
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Declension of mask 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative mask masken masker maskerna
Genitive masks maskens maskers maskernas
Derived terms
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Anagrams

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