ChineseEdit

slave slave girl; maid servant
simp. and trad.
(奴婢)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (8) (3)
Final () (23) (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie 便
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nuo/ /biᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/nuo/ /biɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/no/ /bjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nɔ/ /biə̆X/
Li
Rong
/no/ /bieX/
Wang
Li
/nu/ /bǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nuo/ /bʱie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nu › ‹ bjieX ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˁa/ /*[b]eʔ/
English slave female slave or servant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
No. 9600 378 394
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
𢔌
Old
Chinese
/*naː/ /*peʔ/ /*beʔ/

NounEdit

奴婢

  1. (literary, archaic) servants and maid-servants (as a combined category)
  2. (literary, archaic) I; your humble servant (term of self-address used by servants, maid-servants and eunuchs when addressing the emperor, ministers, concubines, etc.)

Usage notesEdit

The sense servants and maid-servants is an example of a 合稱合称 (héchēng) in Chinese; the sense term of self-address is an example of a 自稱自称 (zìchēng).

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S

Hyōgaiji

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Superficially () (nu, servant; slave) + () (hi, maid). Compare Mandarin 奴婢 (núbì), Hakka 奴婢 (nùpî).

NounEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

()() (nuhi

  1. servants; maids and servants
  2. (historical) servant class, a social rank above 賤民(せんみん) (senmin, plebeian; low caste) and below 良民(りょうみん) (ryōmin, good citizen)

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

奴婢 (nobi) (hangeul 노비)

  1. Hanja form? of 노비 (slave; servant).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

奴婢

  1. Hán tự form of nô tì (slave; servant).

PronounEdit

奴婢

  1. Hán tự form of nô tì (I/me).