Open main menu

Wiktionary β

TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that in Japanese shinjitai, the top left handed stroke is written as two separate strokes.

Han characterEdit

(radical 24 +6 in Chinese, 十+7 in Japanese, in Chinese 8 strokes, in Japanese 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹竹十 (HHJ), four-corner 26400, composition ⿱⿻丿(GTK) or ⿱⿱丿⿻丿(J))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 156, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2738
  • Dae Jaweon: page 356, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 63, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5351

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*preːʔ
*breː, *breː
*breː, *bre, *be
*breː, *be, *breːŋʔ
*breːʔ, *breː
*breːs
*breːs
𥱼 *breː
*peː
*peː, *pe, *peʔ
*pʰeː, *pe
*pʰeːs
*pʰeːs, *pe
*beː
*beː, *pe, *peʔ, *peːŋʔ
*beː, *pe, *beɡ, *beːɡ
*beː, *peʔ
*beːʔ, *peʔ, *piʔ
*pe
*pe, *pʰiɡ
*pe, *be
*pe
*pre
*peʔ, *beʔ
*pʰeʔ
*be
*be
*be
*be, *mbew
*be
*be, *breːŋʔ
*beʔ
*biːŋ
*beɡ, *slɯʔ
*biɡ, *peːɡ

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pei⁵⁵/
Harbin /pei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pei²¹/
Jinan /pei²¹³/
Qingdao /pe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰi⁵³/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pi³¹/
Ürümqi /pei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pei⁵⁵/
Kunming /pei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pəi³¹/
Hefei /pe²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pei¹¹/
Pingyao /pei¹³/
Hohhot /pei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pe⁵³/
Suzhou /pe̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pei³³/
Wenzhou /pai³³/
Hui Shexian /pe³¹/
Tunxi /pe¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pei³³/
Xiangtan /pəi³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei⁵³/
Nanning /pi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pei⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/piɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piə̆/
Li
Rong
/pie/
Wang
Li
/pǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bēi bēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjie › ‹ pjie ›
Old
Chinese
/*pe/ /*pe/
English low, humble 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 368
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pe/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. low; inferior
  2. humble

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(te, bấy, ti)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.