U+5351, 卑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5351

[U+5350]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5352]
U+FA35, 卑
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA35

[U+FA34]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA36]
卑 U+2F82D, 卑
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F82D
卉
[U+2F82C]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 博
[U+2F82E]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that in Japanese shinjitai, the top left handed stroke is written as two separate strokes.

Han characterEdit

(radical 24, +6 in Chinese, 十+7 in Japanese, 8 strokes in Chinese, 9 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 竹竹十 (HHJ), four-corner 26400, composition ⿱⿻丿(GHTK) or ⿱丿𤰞(JV))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 156, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2738
  • Dae Jaweon: page 356, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 63, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5351

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (fan) + 𠂇 (hand) - a man holding a fan, indicating that he is a servant.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pei⁵⁵/
Harbin /pei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /pei²¹/
Jinan /pei²¹³/
Qingdao /pe⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰi⁵³/
Xi'an /pi²¹/
Xining /pji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /pei⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /pi³¹/
Ürümqi /pei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /pei⁵⁵/
Chengdu /pei⁵⁵/
Guiyang /pei⁵⁵/
Kunming /pei⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pəi³¹/
Hefei /pe²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /pei¹¹/
Pingyao /pei¹³/
Hohhot /pei³¹/
Wu Shanghai /pe⁵³/
Suzhou /pe̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /pei³³/
Wenzhou /pai³³/
Hui Shexian /pe³¹/
Tunxi /pe¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pei³³/
Xiangtan /pəi³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei⁵³/
Nanning /pi⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /pei⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pi⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pi⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pui³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/piɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/pjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piə̆/
Li
Rong
/pie/
Wang
Li
/pǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bēi bēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjie › ‹ pjie ›
Old
Chinese
/*pe/ /*pe/
English low, humble 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 368
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pe/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. low; inferior
  2. humble

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. lowly, base, vulgar; vile

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC piᴇ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: pi) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 낮을 (najeul bi))

  1. Hanja form? of (low; inferior).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: te, bấy, ti

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.