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See also: 使
便 U+4FBF, 便
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FBF

[U+4FBE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

便 (radical 9 +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人一中大 (OMLK), four-corner 21246, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 103, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 659
  • Dae Jaweon: page 219, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 157, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4FBF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
便

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character 便
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series (便) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pen
*pen
*pen, *ben
便 *ben, *bens
*ben, *peːnʔ
*ben, *benʔ

According to Shuowen, an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (to change) – to change one's posture to make oneself comfortable.

Alternatively, this may be the original character for (OC *pen, “to whip”), from (person) + 𠓥 (whip), as seen in the bronze script.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character 便
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bianH/
Li
Rong
/biɛnH/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
biàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 便
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
biàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjienH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]e[n]-s/
English comfortable; advantageous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 便
Reading # 2/2
No. 778
Phonetic
component
便
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
便
Old
Chinese
/*bens/

DefinitionsEdit

便

  1. convenient; handy
    • 便  ―  fāngbiàn  ―  convenient, suitable
    • 便  ―  biàn  ―  convenient, easy
    • 便 / 便  ―  jiǎnbiàn  ―  convenient, handy
  2. to go a long way in; to serve the interests of; to benefit; to make convenient
  3. nimble; agile
  4. informal; ordinary; plain
    • 便  ―  biàn  ―  civilian clothes
    • 便  ―  biàn  ―  informal clothes, everyday clothes
    • 便  ―  biànhán  ―  informal letter
  5. human waste; excretion
    • 便  ―  xiǎobiàn  ―  to urinate
    • 便  ―  biàn  ―  to defecate
    • 便  ―  biàn  ―  toilet
    • 便 / 便  ―  fènbiàn  ―  excrement, feces
  6. soon afterward; as soon as
  7. then
    得空便出去 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    Tā yī dékòng biàn pǎochūqù wán. [Pinyin]
    As soon as gets free, he (then) runs out to play.
  8. even if; even though

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note: vernacular.

Rime
Character 便
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (3)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/biɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bian/
Li
Rong
/biɛn/
Wang
Li
/bĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
pián
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character 便
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
pián
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjien ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]e[n]/
English glib-tongued

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character 便
Reading # 1/2
No. 773
Phonetic
component
便
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
便
Old
Chinese
/*ben/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

便

  1. quiet and comfortable
  2. slim and graceful
  3. nimble
  4. eloquent
  5. cheap; inexpensive
    便  ―  piányi  ―  cheap

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

便

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Adjectival nounEdit

便 (-na inflection, hiragana べん, rōmaji ben)

  1. convenient
InflectionEdit

NounEdit

便 (hiragana べん, rōmaji ben)

  1. a convenience
  2. facilities
  3. bowel movement
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

便 (hiragana びん, rōmaji bin)

  1. a flight
  2. mail
  3. (bus) service

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

便 (hiragana よすが, rōmaji yosuga)

  1. way, means
  2. reminder
SynonymsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

便 (pyeon, byeon) (hangeul , )

  1. convenience, ease, comfortability
  2. stool

wordsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

便 (tiện, biền)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit