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See also: 使
便 U+4FBF, 便
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FBF

[U+4FBE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FC0]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

便 (radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人一中大 (OMLK), four-corner 21246, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 103, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 659
  • Dae Jaweon: page 219, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 157, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4FBF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
便

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character 便
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series (便) (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pen
*pen
*pen, *ben
便 *ben, *bens
*ben, *peːnʔ
*ben, *benʔ

According to Shuowen, an ideogrammic compound (會意):  (person) +  (to change) – to change one's posture to make oneself comfortable.

Alternatively, this may be the original character for (OC *pen, “to whip”), from (person) + 𠓥 (whip), as seen in the bronze script.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • biêng6 - Chaozhou;
  • biang6 - Shantou.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character 便
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    biàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 便
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    biàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjienH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]e[n]-s/
    English comfortable; advantageous

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 便
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 778
    Phonetic
    component
    便
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    便
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bens/

    DefinitionsEdit

    便

    1. convenient; handy
      • 便  ―  fāngbiàn  ―  convenient, suitable
      • 便  ―  biàn  ―  convenient, easy
      • 便 / 便  ―  jiǎnbiàn  ―  convenient, handy
    2. to go a long way in; to serve the interests of; to benefit; to make convenient
    3. nimble; agile
    4. informal; ordinary; plain
      • 便  ―  biàn  ―  civilian clothes
      • 便  ―  biàn  ―  informal clothes, everyday clothes
      • 便  ―  biànhán  ―  informal letter
    5. human waste; excretion
      • 便  ―  xiǎobiàn  ―  to urinate
      • 便  ―  biàn  ―  to defecate
      • 便  ―  biàn  ―  toilet
      • 便 / 便  ―  fènbiàn  ―  excrement, feces
    6. soon afterward; as soon as
    7. then
      得空便出去 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      Tā yī dékòng biàn pǎochūqù wán. [Pinyin]
      As soon as gets free, he (then) runs out to play.
    8. even if; even though

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: vernacular.
      • (Teochew)
        • Peng'im: biêng6 / biang6 / pin1 / piang6
        • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: piĕng / piăng / phiⁿ / phiăng
        • Sinological IPA (key): /pieŋ³⁵/, /piaŋ³⁵/, /pʰĩ³³/, /pʰiaŋ³⁵/
    Note:
    • biêng6 - Chaozhou;
    • biang6 - Shantou;
    • piang6 - in 大腹便便.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character 便
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bian/
    Li
    Rong
    /biɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pián
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character 便
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    pián
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjien ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[b]e[n]/
    English glib-tongued

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character 便
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 773
    Phonetic
    component
    便
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    便
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ben/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    便

    1. quiet and comfortable
    2. slim and graceful
    3. nimble
    4. eloquent
    5. cheap; inexpensive
      便  ―  piányi  ―  cheap

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    便

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Related termsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    便
    べん
    Grade: 4
    goon

    Adjectival nounEdit

    便 (-na inflection, hiragana べん, rōmaji ben)

    1. convenient
    InflectionEdit

    NounEdit

    便 (hiragana べん, rōmaji ben)

    1. a convenience
    2. facilities
    3. bowel movement
    SynonymsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    便
    びん
    Grade: 4
    kan’yōon

    NounEdit

    便 (hiragana びん, rōmaji bin)

    1. a flight
    2. mail
    3. (bus) service

    See alsoEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    便
    よすが
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of 便 – see the following entry at よすが.
    よすが【縁・因・便】
    [noun]something to rely on; a connection, affinity
    [noun]someone to rely on; a relative
    [noun]an opportunity, way, means
    (This term, 便, is a kanji spelling of よすが.)

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese 便 (MC biᴇnH, “convenient”).

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    便 (eumhun 편할 (pyeonhal pyeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (convenience, ease, comfortability).
    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle Chinese 便 (MC biᴇnH). Attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean  (Yale: phyen).

    HanjaEdit

    便 (eumhun 똥오줌 (ttong-ojum byeon))

    1. Hanja form? of (feces and urine).
    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    便 (tiện, biền)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit