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U+5B40, 孀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5B40
嬿
[U+5B3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5B41]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 38, +17, 20 strokes, cangjie input 女一月山 (VMBU), four-corner 41463, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 273, character 43
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 542, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1090, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5B40

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sraŋ): semantic  (woman) + phonetic  (OC *sraŋ).

EtymologyEdit

Zhang (2000) relates it to (OC *smaːŋ, “mourning; funeral”), (OC *smaːŋs, “to lose”) and (OC *sraŋ, “frost (which causes loss)”). However, Schuessler (2007) considers these three words etymologically unrelated.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʃiaŋ/
Wang
Li
/ʃĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂi̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shuāng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13588
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sraŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. widow

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. widow

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): そう ()
  • Kun: やもめ (yamome)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (sang))

  1. widow

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: sương

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit