Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 40 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 十一金竹 (JMCH), four-corner 30227, composition)

  1. widowed
  2. alone; friendless
  3. (literary) few

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 290, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7286
  • Dae Jaweon: page 574, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 947, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+5BE1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (99)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠuaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷᵚaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwaɨX/
Li
Rong
/kuaX/
Wang
Li
/kwaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kwaX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guǎ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guǎ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[C.k]ʷˤraʔ/
English few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4400
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷraːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwa) (hangeul , revised gwa, McCune-Reischauer kwa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quả, goá)

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