See also: and
U+4ED8, 付
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4ED8

[U+4ED7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4ED9]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 9, +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 人木戈 (ODI), four-corner 24200, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 92, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 373
  • Dae Jaweon: page 196, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 112, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4ED8

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (person) + (hand) or ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (person) + (hand) – to deliver, to give to someone.

Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter pjuH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/pioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/pioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puə̆H/
Li
Rong
/pioH/
Wang
Li
/pĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fu3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*p(r)o-s/
English give

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3512
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pos/

Definitions

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  1. to give; to deliver; to hand over
  2. to pay
  3. to entrust
  4. Alternative form of (a pair; a set; a classifier for facial expressions)
  5. a surname
Synonyms
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  • (to pay):
Antonyms
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  • (antonym(s) of to pay):
Compounds
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Etymology 2

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“teacher; instructor; to assist; etc.”).
(This character is the second-round simplified form of ).
Notes:

Usage notes

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was included as the simplified form of in the second round of simplification in 1977. The current standard in Mainland China, the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters (通用规范汉字表), does not mention that is a simplification of . A Dictionary of Current Chinese (现代汉语词典) and the Xinhua Dictionary (新华字典) list as a separate entry from (unlike other variants, which are usually put beside the main character in parentheses) and define as a common variant for , while Xiandai Hanyu Guifan Cidian (现代汉语规范词典) proscribes the use of as the simplified form of .

Similar to the surnames and , the surname () and were also originally distinct, and () was originally a rare surname. The modern surname () is mostly due to second-round simplification of Chinese characters.

Etymology 3

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“secondary; auxiliary; duplicate; etc.”).
(This character is the second-round simplified and variant form of ).
Notes:

Japanese

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Kanji

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(Fourth grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Noun

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(つけ) (tsuke

  1. paying on credit

Alternative forms

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Suffix

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(づけ) (-zuke

  1. dated

Alternative forms

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Suffix

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(つき) (-tsuki

  1. with, including
    BD(ブルーレイ)(つき)
    burūrei-tsuki
    with Blu-Ray disc included
  2. appearance, state, condition

Alternative forms

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Suffix

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(づき) (-zuki

  1. attached to

Alternative forms

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See also

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Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC pjuH).

Hanja

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(eumhun (jul bu))

  1. Hanja form? of (give, deliver, pay, hand over).
  2. Hanja form? of (entrust).

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: phó, phú, pho

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References

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