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U+4FAF, 侯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FAF

[U+4FAE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FB0]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人弓一大 (ONMK), four-corner 27234, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 103, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 218, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 167, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4FAF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms (ancient form)
𥎦 (ancient form)
𬾗 (historical variant)
𬾃 (historical variant)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
侯姓 (Written Standard Chinese?)
Hou (surname) (English)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː, *koː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
帿 *ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː, *ɡoːs
*ɡoː
*ɡoːs
*ɡoːs

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hiô/hô͘ - literary;
  • kâu/hâu - vernacular.
Note: gao5 - surname.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xou³⁵/
Harbin /xou²⁴/
Tianjin /xou⁴⁵/
Jinan /xou⁴²/
Qingdao /xou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /xou⁴²/
Xi'an /xou²⁴/
Xining /xɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /xəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /xou⁵³/
Ürümqi /xɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /xəu²¹³/
Chengdu /xəu³¹/
Guiyang /xəu²¹/
Kunming /xəu³¹/
Nanjing /xəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /xɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəu¹¹/
Pingyao /xəu¹³/
Hohhot /xəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦɤ²³/
Suzhou /ɦɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦei²¹³/
Wenzhou /ɦau³¹/
Hui Shexian /xiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /xəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɦəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /hɛu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /heu¹¹/
Taoyuan /heu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu²¹/
Nanning /hɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /hɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ³⁵/
/kau³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /e²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hou⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔu³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (137)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦəu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦəu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦəw/
Li
Rong
/ɣu/
Wang
Li
/ɣəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hóu
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ huw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ˁ(r)o/
English feudal lord

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5139
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡoː/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. marquis; lord
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 閩侯闽侯 (Mǐnhòu).

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. marquis
  2. lord
  3. daimyo

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hu, hye)

  1. marquis, lord
  2. target in archery

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hậu, hầu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit