See also: and
U+4FAF, 侯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FAF

[U+4FAE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FB0]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 人弓一大 (ONMK), four-corner 27234, composition⿱⿱𠃍 or ⿰⿱⿱)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 103, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 218, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 167, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4FAF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms (ancient form)
𥎦 (ancient form)
𬾗 (historical variant)
𬾃 (historical variant)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形)

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hô͘/hiô - literary (incl. surname in Xiamen and Zhangzhou);
  • kâu - vernacular (incl. surname, dated in Xiamen, Quanzhou, Zhangzhou);
  • hâu - vernacular (incl. surname in Quanzhou and Taiwan).
Note:
  • hou5 - all senses (incl. surname);
  • gao5 - surname.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /xou³⁵/
    Harbin /xou²⁴/
    Tianjin /xou⁴⁵/
    Jinan /xou⁴²/
    Qingdao /xou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xou⁴²/
    Xi'an /xou²⁴/
    Xining /xɯ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xəu⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xou⁵³/
    Ürümqi /xɤu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /xəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /xəu³¹/
    Guiyang /xəu²¹/
    Kunming /xəu³¹/
    Nanjing /xəɯ²⁴/
    Hefei /xɯ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəu¹¹/
    Pingyao /xəu¹³/
    Hohhot /xəu³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦɤ²³/
    Suzhou /ɦɤ¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦei²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ɦau³¹/
    Hui Shexian /xiu⁴⁴/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /xəu¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɦəɯ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /hɛu²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /heu¹¹/
    Taoyuan /heu¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐu²¹/
    Nanning /hɐu²¹/
    Hong Kong /hɐu²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ³⁵/
    /kau³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hɛu⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /e²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hou⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔu³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (137)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦəu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦəu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦəw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣu/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hóu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    hau4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    hóu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ huw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁ(r)o/
    English feudal lord

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 5139
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoː/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. marquis; lord
    2. A surname​.
      /   ―  Hóu Xiàoxián  ―  Hou Hsiao-hsien (Taiwanese film director)

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (こう) (, marquess)
    • Korean: (, hu, “marquess”)
    • Vietnamese: hầu (, marquess)

    Others:

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note:
    • hô͘ - literary (common);
    • hō͘ - literary (rare);
    • hāu - vernacular (rare).

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Only used in 閩侯闽侯 (Mǐnhòu).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. marquis
    2. lord
    3. daimyo

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɦəu).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 제후 (jehu hu))

    1. Hanja form? of (marquis; lord).
    2. Hanja form? of (target in archery).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: hậu, hầu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit