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U+4E95, 井
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E95

[U+4E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E96]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰreːŋ, *ɡeːŋ
*kreːŋ
*keŋ
*skeŋʔ
*kloːmʔ, *skeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeŋʔ, *sɡeŋs
*sɡeːŋʔ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ
*ɡeːŋ

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zeng2 - vernacular;
  • zing2 - literary.
Note:
  • chíⁿ/chéⁿ - vernacular;
  • chéng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.tseŋʔ/
English well (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skeŋʔ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. well (a hole sunk into the ground)
  2. well-shaped object; mineshaft, pit
  3. hometown
  4. neat; tidy
    井井有條 / 井井有条  ―  jǐngjǐngyǒutiáo  ―  neat and tidy
  5. 48th hexagram of the I Ching
  6. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

 
A well (井, 丼)

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. well

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

wi > i.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. well
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsjengX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana せい, rōmaji sei)

  1. well, well curb
  2. Well (Chinese constellation)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. well

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tỉnh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.