TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
井-oracle.svg 井-bronze.svg 井-silk.svg 井-bigseal.svg 井-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides. Compare .

Han characterEdit

(radical 7 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000)

  1. well, mineshaft, pit
  2. 48th hexagram of the I Ching

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (井), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 清
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 子郢切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siᴇŋX/ /t͡si̯ɛŋX/ /t͡siɛŋX/ /t͡siɛŋX/ /t͡siajŋX/ /t͡sĭɛŋX/ /t͡siæŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jǐng ‹ tsjengX › /*C.tseŋʔ/ well (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6852 0 /*skeŋʔ/ 丼注今體甲金文爲型初文

ReferencesEdit

  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #576”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[1]

JapaneseEdit

A well (井, 丼)

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. well

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun'yomi

wi > i.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji i, historical hiragana )

  1. well
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tsjengX).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana せい, romaji sei)

  1. well, well curb
  2. Well (Chinese constellation)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jeong) (hangeul , revised jeong, McCune-Reischauer chŏng, Yale ceng)

  1. well

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tỉnh)

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