U+4E95, 井
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E95

[U+4E94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E96]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 7, +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 廿廿 (TT), four-corner 55000, composition )

Derived characters edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 86, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 10, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+4E95

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
         





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
 
井 – an old well in a historic area in Shenzhen. Notice the square shape.

Pictogram (象形) – a square well, with supports on four sides.

Some forms have a stone inside the well, as in .

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • zeng2 - vernacular;
  • zing2 - literary.
Note:
  • diang2 - vernacular;
  • den2 - literary.
Note:
  • chíⁿ/chéⁿ - vernacular;
  • chéng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsjengX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋX/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋX/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jǐng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zing2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsjengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.tseŋʔ/
English well (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skeŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. well (a hole sunk into the ground) (Classifier: ; )
  2. well-shaped object; mineshaft, pit
  3. hometown
  4. neat; tidy
    有條有条  ―  jǐngjǐngyǒutiáo  ―  neat and tidy
  5. 48th hexagram of the I Ching
  6. a surname
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“pitfall, trap”).
(This character is the second-round simplified form of ).
Notes:

Japanese edit

 
A well (井, 丼)

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. well

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 4
kun’yomi

wi > i.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (i (wi)?

  1. well (water source)
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

() (I

  1. a surname

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 4
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (tsjengX).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(せい) (sei

  1. well, well curb

Proper noun edit

(せい) (Sei

  1. Well (Chinese constellation)
    Hypernyms: 二十八宿, 朱雀

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC tsjengX). Recorded as Middle Korean 져ᇰ〯 (cyěng) (Yale: cyeng) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 우물 (umul jeong))

  1. Hanja form? of (well (a hole sunk into the ground)).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tỉnh

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.