U+6101, 愁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6101

[U+6100]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6102]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹火心 (HFP), four-corner 29338, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 393, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 729, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2322, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6101

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zrɯw): phonetic (OC *sʰɯw) + semantic (heart)

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • chhiû - vernacular;
  • chhô͘ - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰou³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰou²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡sʰou⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
    Xi'an /t͡sʰou²⁴/
    Xining /t͡sʰɯ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡sʰəu⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁵³/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰəu³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰəu²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰəu³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡sʰəɯ²⁴/
    Hefei /t͡sʰɯ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
    Pingyao /səu¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰəu³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /zɤ²³/
    Suzhou /zɤ¹³/
    Hangzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
    Wenzhou /zau³¹/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡səu¹³/
    Xiangtan /d͡zəɯ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛu²⁴/
    Hakka Meixian /seu¹¹/
    Taoyuan /seu¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²¹/
    Nanning /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
    Hong Kong /sɐu²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
    /t͡sʰiu³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛu⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰe²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰou⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sɔu³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (20)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʒɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖ͡ʐiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʒiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖ͡ʐuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /d͡ʒiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /d͡ʒĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chóu
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    cau4
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chóu
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzrjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[dz]riw/
    English grieved

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10550
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*zrɯw/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to worry about; to be anxious
    2. anxiety; sadness

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. distress

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune–Reischauer su, Yale swu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: sầu, rầu, ràu, xàu, xầu

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.