Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹火心 (HFP), four-corner 29338, composition)

  1. anxiety
  2. to worry about, be anxious

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 393, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10885
  • Dae Jaweon: page 729, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2322, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6101

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰou³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰou²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰou²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰəu²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰəu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
Pingyao /səu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ¹³/
Suzhou /zɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Wenzhou /zau³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡səu¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɛu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /seu¹¹/
Taoyuan /seu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
/t͡sʰiu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰe²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰou⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sɔu³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (20)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒɨu/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯ə̯u/ /d͡ʒiu/ /ɖ͡ʐiu/ /ɖ͡ʐuw/ /d͡ʒĭəu/ /d͡ʒiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chóu ‹ dzrjuw › /*[dz]riw/ grieved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10550 2 /*zrɯw/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sầu, rầu, ràu, xàu, xầu)

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