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U+6015, 怕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6015

[U+6014]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6016]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心竹日 (PHA), four-corner 96000, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 380, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10448
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2287, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6015

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡs, *mbraːd
*pʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*pʰaːɡ
*baːɡ
*baːɡ
*tʰaːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*prɯɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ, *pʰraːɡ
*praːɡ
*praːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ
*pʰraːɡ, *ɡeːwʔ
*mpʰraːɡ, *mbraːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*braːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*mbraːɡ
*praɡ, *preɡ
*ɦmreːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰraːɡs, *pʰraːɡ): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *braːɡ).

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with (OC *pʰaːs).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (2) (2)
Final () (98) (113)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰˠaH/ /pʰˠæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰᵚaH/ /pʰᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰaH/ /pʰak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰaɨH/ /pʰaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/pʰaH/ /pʰɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/pʰaH/ /pʰɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰaH/ /pʰɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
po
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 184 202
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰraːɡs/ /*pʰraːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to fear; to be afraid of
    / [Cantonese]  ―  paa3 zam1 paa3 hyut3 [Jyutping]  ―  to fear needles and blood
  2. to worry; to be concerned
  3. to be unable to withstand
  4. perhaps; fearfully
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 害怕 (“to fear; to be afraid of”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , , , , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 害怕, 懼怕, 畏懼
Mandarin Beijing 害怕
Taiwan 害怕,
Harbin 害怕, 發毛
Jinan 害怕, , 打怵
Muping 害怕,
Luoyang 害怕,
Wanrong
Xi'an 害怕, , 怯火
Xuzhou 嫌怕, 打怵
Yinchuan 害怕,
Lanzhou 害怕, , 怯乎, 怯豁
Ürümqi 害怕
Wuhan 嚇不過,
Chengdu 害怕, 虛火,
Guiyang 害怕,
Liuzhou
Yangzhou 害怕, , 怕懼, 懼乎
Nanjing 嚇怕,
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou , , ,
Hong Kong , ,
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
Foshan ,
Shunde
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Taishan 𢗉
Kaiping (Chikan) 𢗉
Dongguan
Shaoguan ,
Yunfu ,
Yangjiang 𢗉
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Hakka Meixian , 怕畏, ,
Changting
Wuping
Ninghua
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Sabah
Senai
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi ,
Jin Taiyuan 害怕,
Xinzhou 著怕,
Min Bei Jian'ou , , ,
Dikou
Songxi
Zhenghe
Zhenqian
Jianyang
Wuyishan
Shibei
Min Dong Fuzhou
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Shouning
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen , 驚惶, , 懾屎
Quanzhou , , 懾屎
Zhangzhou , 驚惶,
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi 驚惶
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Yilan
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Pinghua Nanning ,
Wu Shanghai ,
Suzhou ,
Hangzhou , , , 怕慌, 發毛
Wenzhou ,
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo ,
Xiang Changsha , 畏怯
Shuangfeng
Loudi

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(pa) (hangeul , revised pa, McCune–Reischauer p'a, Yale pha)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(phạ)

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