See also: and
U+5C24, 尤
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C24

[U+5C23]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C25]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 43, +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 戈大山 (IKU), four-corner 43010, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 298, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 593, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 551, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+5C24

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – hand with a wart. Original form of and .

Etymology

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Sino-Tibetan; compare Tibetan ཡུས (yus, blame, charge, accusation).

Pronunciation

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Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter hjuw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuw/
Li
Rong
/ɣiu/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jau4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yóu
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ʷə/
English fault; even more

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15503
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷɯ/
Notes

Definitions

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  1. fault; flaw
  2. to fault; to blame
      ―  xiàoyóu  ―  to follow bad examples (literally, "to imitate the blameworthy")
  3. (literary) strange; special; outstanding
  4. (literary) especially; particularly; even more
  5. a surname

Compounds

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References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(Jinmeiyō kanji)

  1. reasonable
  2. just
  3. natural
  4. superb
  5. outstanding
  6. plausible

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune–Reischauer u)

  1. especially, particularly

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: vưu

  1. (Rare) A Vietnamese surname