See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 戈火心 (IFP) or X戈火心 (XIFP), four-corner 53330, composition)

  1. sorrowful, mournful
  2. sorrow

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 401, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11158
  • Dae Jaweon: page 741, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+617C

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕʰi⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
/t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰiʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰiəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰiɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰiəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰiəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰit̚¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰek̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰek̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sek̚⁵/
/se⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰek̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰiek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰiek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ tshek ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tʰˤiwk/
English anxiously thoughtful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11730
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰlɯːwɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheok) (hangeul , revised cheok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏk, Yale chek)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thích)

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