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ChineseEdit

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
rain
trad. (時雨)
simp. (时雨)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

時雨

  1. timely rain

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (時雨):

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
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Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
jukujikun

From Old Japanese.

Attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō as 𩅧, and phonetically as 之久禮.[1]

The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) and 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of classical verb 時雨る (shiguru), modern 時雨れる (shigureru, to rain a shower).

The kanji spelling is jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 時雨.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

時雨 (hiragana しぐれ, rōmaji shigure)

  1. a rainshower in late summer, autumn, or winter
  2. (by extension, figuratively) shedding tears
  3. Short for 時雨煮 (shigureni), 時雨羹 (shigurekan), 時雨饅頭 (shigure manjū), etc.
  4. Short for 時雨蛤 (shigure hamaguri): clams cooked in the shigureni method with soy sauce; a specialty of Kuwana, Mie Prefecture
Usage notesEdit

As a 季語 (kigo, seasonal word), originally referred to rainshowers in late autumn to early winter. The extension to include late summer and the whole of autumn is only attested between the compilation of the Kokin and Kin'yō Wakashū. Today, shigure only refers to a winter rainshower.

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

時雨する (suru conjugation, hiragana しぐれする, rōmaji shigure suru)

  1. to rain a shower
  2. to shed tears
ConjugationEdit

Proper nounEdit

時雨 (hiragana しぐれ, rōmaji Shigure)

  1. name of an 泡盛 (awamori, Okinawan liquor made from rice or millet)
  2. a Shiratsuyu-class destroyer of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, see   Japanese destroyer Shigure (1935) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  3. a female given name
  4. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese 時雨 (MC d͡ʑɨ ɦɨoX). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

時雨 (hiragana じう, rōmaji jiu)

  1. timely or seasonable rain
  2. Same as しぐれ (shigure) above
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

時雨 (hiragana じう, rōmaji Jiu)

  1. a female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 時雨”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Further readingEdit


Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) and 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 時雨る (siguru, to rain a shower).

NounEdit

時雨 (sigure) (kana しぐれ)

  1. a rainshower in late autumn or early winter
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 10, poem 2214), text here
      夕去者鴈之越徃龍田山四具礼尓競色付尓家里
      yupu sareba kari no2 koyeyuku Tatuta-yama sigure ni ki1popi1 iro2duki1nike1ri
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Synonym: 時雨の雨 (sigure no2 ame2)

DescendantsEdit