See also: Shed and she'd

English edit

Pronunciation edit

  • enPR: shěd, IPA(key): /ʃɛd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛd

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English scheden, schede, from Old English scēadan, scādan (to separate, divide, part, make a line of separation between; remove from association or companionship; distinguish, discriminate, decide, determine, appoint; shatter, shed; expound; decree; write down; differ), from Proto-West Germanic *skaiþan, from Proto-Germanic *skaiþaną (compare West Frisian skiede, Dutch and German scheiden), from Proto-Indo-European *skeyt- (to cut, part, divide, separate), from *skey-.

See also Welsh chwydu (to break open), Lithuanian skėsti (to spread), skíesti (to separate), Old Church Slavonic цѣдити (cěditi, to filter, strain), Ancient Greek σχίζω (skhízō, to split), Old Armenian ցտեմ (cʻtem, to scratch), Sanskrit च्यति (cyáti, he cuts off)). Related to shoad, shit, sheath.

Verb edit

shed (third-person singular simple present sheds, present participle shedding, simple past and past participle shed or (nonstandard) shedded)

  1. (transitive, obsolete, UK, dialectal) To part, separate or divide.
    To shed something in two.
    To shed the sheep from the lambs.
    A metal comb shed her golden hair.
    We are shed with each other by an enormous distance.
    • c. 1380, Geoffrey Chaucer, Boece
      If there be any thing that knitteth himself to the ilk middle point [of a circle], it is constrained into simplicity (that is to say, into unmovablity), and it ceaseth to be shed and to flit diversely.
    • 1460–1500, The Poems of Robert Henryson
      The northern wind had shed the misty clouds from the sky;
    • 1635, "Sermon on Philippians III, 7, 8", in Select Practical Writings of David Dickson (1845), Volume 1, page 166 Internet Archive
      Lest [] ye shed with God.
  2. (transitive, intransitive) To part with, separate from, leave off; cast off, let fall, be divested of.
    You must shed your fear of the unknown before you can proceed.
    When we found the snake, it was in the process of shedding its skin.
    • 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. [], 2nd edition, London: [] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock [], and J[onathan] Robinson [], published 1708, →OCLC:
      White oats are apt to shed most as they lie, and black as they stand.
    • 2012 November 2, Ken Belson, New York Times, retrieved 2 November 2012:
      She called on all the marathoners to go to Staten Island to help with the clean-up effort and to bring the clothes they would have shed at the start to shelters or other places where displaced people were in need.
  3. (transitive, archaic) To pour; to make flow.
  4. (transitive) To allow to flow or fall.
    I didn't shed many tears when he left me.
    A tarpaulin sheds water.
    • 2023 November 1, Paul Clifton, “RAIB recommends actions to tackle leaves on the line”, in RAIL, number 995, page 10:
      The crash occurred in a steep-sided cutting lined with self-seeded deciduous trees that were shedding their leaves, following unusually heavy rain and high winds in the 12 hours beforehand.
  5. (transitive) To radiate, cast, give off (light).
    to shed light on
    Can you shed any light on this problem?
    • 1829, Edgar Allan Poe, “Tamerlane”, in Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane and Minor Poems:
      What tho’ the moon—the white moon
      Shed all the splendour of her noon,
      Her smile is chilly—and her beam,
      In that time of dreariness, will seem
      (So like you gather in your breath)
      A portrait taken after death.
  6. (obsolete, transitive) To pour forth, give off, impart.
  7. (obsolete, intransitive) To fall in drops; to pour.
  8. To sprinkle; to intersperse; to cover.
  9. (weaving) To divide, as the warp threads, so as to form a shed, or passageway, for the shuttle.
  10. (music, slang) Alternative form of woodshed
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English sched, schede, schad, from a combination of Old English scēada (a parting of the hair, top of the head) and Old English ġesċēad (distinction, reason).

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

shed (plural sheds)

  1. (weaving) An area between upper and lower warp yarns through which the weft is woven.
  2. (obsolete) A distinction or dividing-line.
  3. (obsolete) A parting in the hair.
  4. (obsolete) The top of the head.
  5. (obsolete) An area of land as distinguished from those around it.
  6. (physics) A unit of area equivalent to 10−52 square meters; used in nuclear physics
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

Dialectal variant of a specialized use of shade.[1]

Noun edit

A typical wooden shed on an allotment in Britain

shed (plural sheds)

  1. A slight or temporary structure built to shade or shelter something; a structure usually open in front; an outbuilding; a hut.
    wagon shed
    garden shed
    • 1941 June, “Notes and News: The Derelict Glyn Valley Tramway”, in Railway Magazine, pages 279–280:
      There are numerous sheds in the now grass-grown yard, most of which now house threshing machines and farm carts instead of locomotives and rolling stock, although [in] the roofs of some are gaping holes.
  2. A large temporary open structure for reception of goods.
  3. (British, derogatory, informal) An automobile which is old, worn-out, slow, or otherwise of poor quality.
    Synonyms: see Thesaurus:old car
  4. (British, rail transport, informal) A British Rail Class 66 locomotive.
    • 2000 December 11, Bruce Garbutt, “Re: DRS to Cardiff (was Re: Tractor via Eddiestown)”, in uk.railway[1] (Usenet):
      Never saw that but we did stand and watch a pair of Sheds (156 and 165) speed north on a loaded steel.
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Scottish Gaelic: seada
  • Welsh: sièd
Translations edit
See also edit

Verb edit

shed (third-person singular simple present sheds, present participle shedding, simple past and past participle shedded)

  1. (transitive) To place or allocate a vehicle, such as a locomotive, in or to a depot or shed.
    • 1944 January and February, W. McGowan Gradon, “Forres as a Railway Centre”, in Railway Magazine, page 23:
      On the Dava line, apart from the banking assistance given by the 4-4-0s, the traffic is handled by the standard class "5" 4-6-0s, known among the drivers as "Hikers"; these engines are shedded at Inverness and Perth.
    • 1961 May, Mark B. Warburton, “Yatton and its branches to Clevedon and Wells”, in Trains Illustrated, page 277:
      Three 14XX class 0-4-2Ts were allocated to Bath Road for the Clevedon branch and one was sub-shedded at Yatton for a week at a time, during which period it amassed an aggregate mileage of nearly 1,400 miles.
  2. (transitive, music) To woodshed.

References edit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “shed”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Anagrams edit

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin sedeō. Compare Romanian ședea, șed.

Verb edit

shed first-singular present indicative (third-person singular present indicative shadi or shade, past participle shidzutã)

  1. to sit

Related terms edit

See also edit