Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 108 +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 日月月廿 (ABBT), four-corner 67107, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 795, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1210, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2565, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+76DF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 盟 (同)
Mandarin Beijing /məŋ³⁵/
Harbin /məŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /məŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /məŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /məŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /məŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /məŋ²⁴/
Xining /mə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /məŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /məñ⁵³/
Ürümqi /mɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /min²¹³/
Chengdu /min³¹/
/moŋ³¹/
Guiyang /min²¹/
/moŋ²¹/
Kunming /moŋ³¹/
Nanjing /mən²⁴/
Hefei /məŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /miŋ¹³/
/məŋ¹³/
Hohhot /məŋ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /məŋ²³/
Suzhou /mən¹³/
Hangzhou /men²¹³/
Wenzhou /meŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /miʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /man⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /min¹³/
Xiangtan /min¹²/
Gan Nanchang /min⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /men¹¹/
Taoyuan /men¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /mɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /mɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /mɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /meiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /meŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /moŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (4) (4)
Final () (111) (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mˠiæŋ/ /mˠæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/mᵚiaŋ/ /mᵚaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaŋ/ /maŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/ /maɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/miɐŋ/ /mɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/mĭɐŋ/ /mɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɐŋ/ /mɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng mèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
méng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/
English covenant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9189 9190
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mraŋ/ /*mraːŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to swear
  2. oath, covenant, alliance

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. alliance

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(maeng) (hangeul , revised maeng, McCune-Reischauer maeng, Yale mayng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(minh)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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