See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
更-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
更-bronze.svg 更-bigseal.svg 更-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一中田大 (MLWK), four-corner 10506)

  1. change, replace
  2. more, still further, much more

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 502, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 874, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 20, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+66F4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 更 (換)
Mandarin Beijing /kəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /kəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /kəŋ²¹/
Jinan /kəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /kəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /kəŋ²¹/
Xining /kə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /kəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /kə̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /kɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /kən⁵⁵/
Chengdu /kən⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ken²¹³/
Kunming /kə̃⁴⁴/
Nanjing /kən³¹/
Hefei /kən²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /kəŋ¹¹/ ~換
/t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/ 五~
Pingyao /kəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /kə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /kã⁵³/
/kəŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /kã⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ken³³/
Wenzhou /kiɛ³³/
Hui Shexian /kʌ̃³¹/
/kɛ³¹/ 打~
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kən³³/
Xiangtan /kən³³/
Gan Nanchang /kɑŋ⁴²/ 打~
Hakka Meixian /kaŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /kɑŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐŋ⁵³/
Nanning /kɐŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kɐŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiŋ⁵⁵/
/kĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaiŋ³³/
/kaŋ⁵⁴/ 三~
Shantou (Min Nan) /keŋ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /keŋ²³/
/kɔŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤraŋ/
English change (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 866
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːŋ/

VerbEdit

  1. to change, to replace
  2. to experience

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣæŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯaŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨjŋ/
Li
Rong
/kɐŋ/
Wang
Li
/kɐŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɐŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gēng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæng ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤraŋ/
English change (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 866
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːŋ/

NounEdit

  1. watch (of a sentry)
  2. (archaic) one of the five two-hour periods into which the night was formerly divided

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 更 (加)
Mandarin Beijing /kəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /kəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kəŋ⁵³/
Jinan /kəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /kəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /kəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /kə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /kəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /kə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kən³⁵/
Chengdu /kən¹³/
Guiyang /ken²¹³/
Kunming /kə̃¹/
Nanjing /kən⁴⁴/
Hefei /kən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kəŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /kən⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ken⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kiɛ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /kiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ken⁵³/
Taoyuan /ken⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐŋ³³/
Nanning /kɐŋ³³/
Hong Kong /kɐŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /keŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /keŋ³⁵/
/kɔŋ³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (109)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣæŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯaŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kaŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨjŋH/
Li
Rong
/kɐŋH/
Wang
Li
/kɐŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɐŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gèng
Middle
Chinese
‹ kængH ›
Old
Chinese
/*kˤraŋ-s/
English still more

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 879
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːŋs/

AdverbEdit

  1. more, further, even more

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 変更 (へんこう, henkō)
  • 更新 (こうしん, kōshin)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeong, gaeng) (hangeul , , revised gyeong, gaeng, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, kaeng, Yale kyeng, kayng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(canh, cánh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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