See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
更-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 73 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一中田大 (MLWK), four-corner 10506)

  1. change, replace
  2. more, still further, much more

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 502, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14283
  • Dae Jaweon: page 874, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 20, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+66F4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 更 (換) 更 (加)
Mandarin Beijing /kəŋ⁵⁵/ /kəŋ⁵¹/
Harbin /kəŋ⁴⁴/ /kəŋ⁵³/
Tianjin /kəŋ²¹/ /kəŋ⁵³/
Jinan /kəŋ²¹³/ /kəŋ²¹/
Qingdao /kəŋ²¹³/ /kəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kəŋ²⁴/ /kəŋ³¹²/
Xi'an /kəŋ²¹/ /kəŋ⁴⁴/
Xining /kə̃⁴⁴/ /kə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /kəŋ⁴⁴/ /kəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /kə̃n³¹/ /kə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /kɤŋ⁴⁴/ /kɤŋ²¹³/
Wuhan /kən⁵⁵/ /kən³⁵/
Chengdu /kən⁵⁵/ /kən¹³/
Guiyang /ken²¹³/ /ken²¹³/
Kunming /kə̃⁴⁴/ /kə̃¹/
Nanjing /kən³¹/ /kən⁴⁴/
Hefei /kən²¹/ /kən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kəŋ¹¹/ ~换
/t͡ɕiəŋ¹¹/ 五~
/kəŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kəŋ¹³/ /kəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /kə̃ŋ³¹/ /kə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kã⁵³/
/kəŋ⁵³/
/kəŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /kã⁵⁵/ /kən⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ken³³/ /ken⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /kiɛ³³/ /kiɛ⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kʌ̃³¹/
/kɛ³¹/ 打~
/kʌ̃³²⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiɛ¹¹/ /kiɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /kən³³/ /kən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kən³³/ /kən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kɑŋ⁴²/ 打~ /kiɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kaŋ⁴⁴/ /ken⁵³/
Taoyuan /kɑŋ²⁴/ /ken⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kɐŋ⁵³/ /kɐŋ³³/
Nanning /kɐŋ⁵⁵/ /kɐŋ³³/
Hong Kong /kɐŋ⁵⁵/ /kɐŋ³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiŋ⁵⁵/
/kĩ⁵⁵/
/kiŋ²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kaŋ⁴⁴/ /kaiŋ²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kaiŋ³³/
/kaŋ⁵⁴/ 三~
/kaiŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /keŋ³³/ /keŋ²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /keŋ²³/
/kɔŋ²³/
/keŋ³⁵/
/kɔŋ³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣæŋ/ /kɐŋ/ /kɐŋ/ /kɯaŋ/ /kaɨjŋ/ /kɐŋ/ /kaŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣæŋH/ /kɐŋH/ /kɐŋH/ /kɯaŋH/ /kaɨjŋH/ /kɐŋH/ /kaŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gēng ‹ kæng › /*kˤraŋ/ change (v.)
gèng ‹ kængH › /*kˤraŋ-s/ still more

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
866 0 /*kraːŋ/
879 0 /*kraːŋs/

VerbEdit

  1. to change, to replace
  2. to experience

NounEdit

  1. watch (of a sentry)
  2. (archaic) one of the five two-hour periods into which the night was formerly divided

AdverbEdit

  1. more, further, even more

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 変更 (へんこう, henkō)
  • 更新 (こうしん, kōshin)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gyeong, gaeng) (hangeul , , revised gyeong, gaeng, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, kaeng, Yale kyeng, kayng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(canh, cánh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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