U+6B66, 武
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6B66

[U+6B65]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6B67]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 77 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一心卜中一 (MPYLM), four-corner 13140)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 575, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16273
  • Dae Jaweon: page 965, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1439, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6B66

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
         
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*mpas
*mpas
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (foot; to walk; to stop) + (spear) – army going on expedition.

The graphical origin of is described in the Spring and Autumn Annals [481 BC] as “to stop violence” () – the ultimate state of warfare. This may be a misinterpretation as is frequently used to mean “to walk”, not “to stop”.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /u²¹⁴/
Harbin /u²¹³/
Tianjin /u¹³/
Jinan /u⁵⁵/
Qingdao /vu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /u⁵³/
Xi'an /vu⁵³/
Xining /v̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /vu⁵³/
Lanzhou /vu⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /vu⁵¹/
Wuhan /u⁴²/
Chengdu /u⁵³/
Guiyang /u⁴²/
Kunming /u⁵³/
Nanjing /u²¹²/
Hefei /u²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /vu⁵³/
Pingyao /u⁵³/
Hohhot /vu⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /vu²³/
Suzhou /vu³¹/
Hangzhou /ʔu⁵³/
Wenzhou /vu³⁵/
Hui Shexian /u³⁵/
Tunxi /u³¹/
Xiang Changsha /u⁴¹/
Xiangtan /u⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /u²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /vu⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mou²³/
Nanning /mu²⁴/
Hong Kong /mou¹³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /bu⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /u³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /u²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /bu⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /vu²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muə̆X/
Li
Rong
/mioX/
Wang
Li
/mĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m(r)aʔ/
English military

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13184
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. military; forces
  2. military (related to warfare, fighting)
  3. martial arts; wushu
  4. valiant; brave; courageous
  5. soldier; warrior
  6. footstep; footprint
  7. Classifier for half steps.
  8. to inherit
  9. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjuX, military).

The goon reading of mu, so likely the initial borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji mu)

  1. military, martial
Usage notesEdit

Only found in compounds. Not as common as the bu reading.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 5
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjuX, military).

The kan'on reading of bu, so likely a re-borrowing at a later stage of Middle Chinese, or from a dialectal variation in Middle Chinese.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji bu)

  1. courage, ferocity, valor
  2. military power, force of arms
  3. the act of carrying out military force: a battle, a war
  4. the way of carrying out military force: strategy, tactics, martial arts
  5. a military person: an officer, a soldier
  6. (obsolete) a unit of length, equivalent to half of a (bu, six (shaku), roughly six feet or 1.8 meters), roughly equivalent to one yard or 90 centimeters
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Ateji used in various names.

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana たけし, romaji Takeshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana たける, romaji Takeru)

  1. A male given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.