See also:
U+792B, 礫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-792B

[U+792A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+792C]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 112, +15, 20 strokes, cangjie input 一口女戈木 (MRVID), four-corner 12694, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 838, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24572
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1255, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2463, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+792B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *reːwɢ): semantic (stone) + phonetic (OC *ŋraːwɢs, *raːwɢ, *ŋraːwɢ)

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (127)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lek̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lek̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjk̚/
Li
Rong
/lek̚/
Wang
Li
/liek̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/liek̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lek ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁewk/
English pebbles

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7685
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*reːwɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. gravel; pebbles; potsherds

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 卓礫卓砾.

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Appearance of white stones/rocks.
    • Jiyun (集韻): 礫,白石皃。

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. pebble, stone

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
れき
Hyōgaiji
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC lek̚).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(れき) (reki (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
    Synonyms: 石塊 (ishikoro), 小石 (koishi)
  2. gravel

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
つぶて
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(つぶて) (tsubute (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
    Synonym: 小石 (koishi)
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(つぶて) (Tsubute (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. a place name

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
たぶて
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

From Old Japanese.

Possibly an apophonic form of or a shift from tsubute above.

NounEdit

(たぶて) (tabute (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. (obsolete) a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 8, poem 1522), text here
      多夫手(たぶて)二毛(にも)投越(なげこし)都倍吉(つべき)天漢(あまのがは)敝太而礼婆可母(へだてればかも)安麻多須辨奈吉(あまたすべなき) [Man'yōgana]
      たぶてにも()()しつべき(あま)川隔(がはへだ)てればかもあまたすべなき [Modern spelling]
      tabute ni mo nagekoshitsu beki Ama-no-gawa hedatereba ka mo amata subenaki
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
こいし
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(こいし) (koishi (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. Alternative spelling of 小石 (koishi): a small stone or pebble

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
たびいし
Hyōgaiji
Irregular

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

(たびいし) (tabiishi (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. a small stone or pebble, especially one used for throwing
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC lek̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 륵〮 (Yale: luk) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 조약돌 (joyakdol ryeok), South Korea 조약돌 (joyakdol yeok))

  1. Hanja form? of / (pebble).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]