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See also:
U+7A3B, 稻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A3B

[U+7A3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A3C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 115 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 竹木月竹X (HDBHX), four-corner 22977, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 857, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25216
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1283, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2624, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7A3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
𫁃
Min vernacular
⿰禾刀 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː, *l̥ʰuːʔ
*l̥ʰuː
*l̥ʰuː
*l'uːʔ
*l'uːs
*lowʔ, *lu, *lo

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'uːʔ): semantic  (grain, cereal, rice) + phonetic  (OC *lowʔ, *lu, *lo).

EtymologyEdit

Area word (rice culture originated in the south). Often compared with Proto-Hmong-Mien *mbləu (rice plant/paddy), whence White Hmong nplej (Bodman, 1980).

The relationship with similar-looking Mon-Khmer words is ambiguous; compare Vietnamese lúa (paddy rice) (Schuessler, 2007).

The native Min word may be a variant (Schuessler, 2007, apud Norman, p.c.).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • dô̤ - literary;
  • dêu - vernacular (sometimes written as ).
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • tō/tǒ͘ - literary;
    • tāu/tǎu - vernacular;
    • tiū/tiǔ - vernacular (sometimes written as ).
    Note:
    • dao6 - literary;
    • diu6 - vernacular (sometimes written as ).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (7)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /dɑuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /dɑuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /dɑuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /dawX/
    Li
    Rong
    /dɑuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /dɑuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /dʱɑuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dào
    Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dawX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[l]ˤuʔ/
    English rice, paddy

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14741
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l'uːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. paddy; rice (Oryza sativa)
    2. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 稻子 (“rice (plant)”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 稻子
    Mandarin Beijing 稻子
    Taiwan 稻子
    Harbin 稻子
    Jinan 稻子
    Muping 稻子
    Luoyang 稻子
    Xi'an 稻子
    Zhengzhou
    Xining 稻子
    Xuzhou 稻子
    Yinchuan 稻子
    Lanzhou 稻子
    Ürümqi 稻子
    Wuhan 稻穀
    Chengdu 穀子
    Liuzhou
    Kunming 稻子穀子
    Yangzhou 稻子
    Nanjing 稻子
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Shunde
    Foshan
    Zhongshan
    Dongguan
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan
    Doumen
    Kaiping
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu 穀翁
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Kuala Lumpur
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong
    Qujiang
    Xiaosanjiang
    Luchuan
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Yudu
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 禾仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 禾仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 禾仔
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 禾仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Sabah
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Shexian
    Tunxi
    Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 稻子
    Xinzhou 稻子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 早仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Min Nan Xiamen 粙仔
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou 粙仔
    Taipei 粙仔
    Kaohsiung 粙仔
    Tainan 粙仔
    Taichung 粙仔
    Wuqi 粙仔
    Hsinchu 粙仔
    Taitung 粙仔
    Lukang 粙仔
    Yilan 粙仔
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng
    Johor Bahru
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou 稻子
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Xiangtan
    Loudi
    Quanzhou 穀子

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (do) (hangeul , revised do, McCune-Reischauer to, Yale to)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (đạo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.