Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'uːʔ): semantic 禾 (“grain, cereal, rice”) + phonetic 舀 (OC *lowʔ, *lu, *lo).
Area word (rice culture originated in the south). Often compared with Proto-Hmong-Mien *mbləu (“rice plant/paddy”), whence White Hmong nplej (Bodman, 1980).
The relationship with similar-looking Mon-Khmer words is ambiguous (Schuessler, 2007). Ferlus (2010) proposes a connection between Old Chinese 稻 (OC *l'uːʔ) and Proto-Mon-Khmer *sruʔ (“paddy”), which in turn is linked to Proto-Mon-Khmer *t₂rawʔ (“taro”), as the two plants share the same farming niche.
The native Min word 粙 may be a variant (Schuessler, 2007, apud Norman, p.c.).
- paddy; rice (Oryza sativa)
- A surname.
稻 • (do) (hangeul 도, revised do, McCune–Reischauer to, Yale to)
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