See also: , , and
U+7A40, 穀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A40
稿
[U+7A3F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7A41]

U+FA54, 穀
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA54

[U+FA53]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA55]
穀 U+2F959, 穀
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F959
䄯
[U+2F958]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 穊
[U+2F95A]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 115, +10 in Chinese, 禾+9 in Japanese, 15 strokes in Chinese, 14 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 土木竹弓水 (GDHNE), four-corner 47947, composition ⿰⿱⿳ (GHTK) or ⿰⿳ (J))

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 858, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25221
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1283, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2164, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+7A40

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kloːɡ) : semantic (grain) + phonetic 𣪊 ().

Etymology edit

From Austroasiatic or an area word (Schuessler, 2007); compare:

STEDT compares this to provisional Proto-Tibeto-Burman *kuk (rice, grain (crop)).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • kok - literary;
  • kak - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
guk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁok/
English grain

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7423
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloːɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. corn; grain; cereal
      ―    ―  Five Grains
  2. foxtail millet (Setaria italica, the plant or the unhulled grain)
  3. (obsolete) salary
  4. (obsolete) to rear; to bring up
  5. (obsolete) to live
  6. (regional) paddy; unhulled rice
  7. (regional) rice plant
  8. (obsolete) good; fine

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1][2][3]


&#xFA54;
or
+&#xFE00;?
 
穀󠄀
+&#xE0100;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
穀󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji edit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. grain

Readings edit

Compounds edit

References edit

  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Haga, Gōtarō (1914) 漢和大辞書 (in Japanese), Fourth edition, Tōkyō: Kōbunsha, →DOI, page 1578 (paper), page 841 (digital)
  3. ^ Shōundō Henshūjo, editor (1927), 新漢和辞典 (in Japanese), Ōsaka: Shōundō, →DOI, page 903 (paper), page 464 (digital)

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC kuwk).

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 곡식 (goksik gok))
(eumhun 어린아이 (eorinai nu))

  1. Hanja form? of (grain).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: cốc

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.