See also:
U+7D3A, 紺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7D3A

[U+7D39]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7D3B]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 120, +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 女火廿一 (VFTM), four-corner 24970, composition )

  1. dark blue or reddish color

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 920, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 27362
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1352, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3378, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+7D3A

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *kɯːms) : semantic (silk; thread) + phonetic (OC *kaːm).

Etymology 1 edit

An areal word. Compare Proto-Tai *klamᴮ (dark (red)) (whence Thai คล้ำ (klám, dark)), Proto-Austronesian *kelam (dark) (Schuessler, 2007). See also and .

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (159)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter komH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʌmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kɒmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəmH/
Li
Rong
/kᴀmH/
Wang
Li
/kɒmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gam3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3649
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯːms/

Definitions edit

  1. purple; violet; blackish red

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from Japanese (kon), from Middle Chinese (kʌmH), see previous etymology for detail.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (Taiwanese Hokkien) navy blue; dark blue

Synonyms edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. navy blue

Readings edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
こん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(こん) (kon

  1. navy blue, dark blue

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC komH). Recorded as Middle Korean 감〯 (kǎm) (Yale: kǎm) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 감색 (gamsaek gam))

  1. Hanja form? of (navy blue; dark blue).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Chữ Hán edit

: Hán Nôm readings: cám, tim, tím

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.