See also: 绝对

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
ぜつ > ぜっ
Grade: 5
たい
Grade: 3
goon
Alternative spelling
絶對 (kyūjitai)

EtymologyEdit

Indeterminate. Middle Chinese did have the term 絕對 (MC d͡ziuᴇt̚ tuʌiH), using the older forms of these same characters, but this apparently meant “to lose one's spouse, to be widowed”. Use of this term to mean “absolute” may only date back two centuries, though whether it was recoined in China, Japan, or elsewhere remains unclear.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

(ぜっ)(たい) (zettai-na (adnominal (ぜっ)(たい) (zettai na), adverbial (ぜっ)(たい) (zettai ni), kyūjitai 絕對)

  1. absolute, certain
  2. unlimited

InflectionEdit

Usage notesEdit

Seldom used on its own as an adjective, but more commonly in compounds. On its own, more often used adverbially as 絶対 (zettai ni). More often used adjectivally as 絶対的 (zettaiteki).

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

NounEdit

(ぜっ)(たい) (zettai (kyūjitai 絕對)

  1. absoluteness, an absolute, unlimitedness

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN