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U+4FFA, 俺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4FFA

[U+4FF9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4FFB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人大中山 (OKLU), four-corner 24216, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 106, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 736
  • Dae Jaweon: page 227, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 173, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4FFA

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

Fusion of 我們我们 (wǒmen) (Lü, 1984; Norman, 1988).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (dialectal Mandarin) I; me; my
  2. (dialectal Mandarin, exclusive) we; us; our
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of (“I”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , , , ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan ,
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Macau
Panyu
Huadu (Huashan)
Conghua
Zengcheng
Foshan
Nanhai (Shatou)
Shunde
Sanshui
Gaoming (Mingcheng)
Zhongshan (Shiqi)
Zhuhai (Qianshan)
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha) 𠊎
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang)
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan
Bao'an (Shajing)
Yangjiang
Nanning
Danzhou
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 𠊎
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
Dongguan (Qingxi) 𠊎
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 𠊎
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 𠊎
Heyuan (Bendihua) 𠊎
Liannan 𠊎
Conghua (Lütian) 𠊎
Jiexi 𠊎
Changting 𠊎
Wuping 𠊎
Ninghua 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Raoping) 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Hong Kong 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen ,
Quanzhou ,
Zhangzhou ,
Taipei ,
Kaohsiung ,
Penang
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Wenchang , humble, used by someone in the younger generation
Wu Shanghai , , 阿拉
Suzhou ,
Wenzhou
Ningbo , 我儂, 像我
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng ,
Dialectal synonyms of 我們 (“we”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 吾儕, 我等, 我曹, 我輩
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 我們
Mandarin Beijing 我們, 姆們
Taiwan 我們
Tianjin 我們
Harbin 我們
Jinan 我們, 俺們, , 俺這伙
Muping
Luoyang 我們, 俺們,
Wanrong 我的,
Xi'an 俺的,
Xining 我們
Xuzhou
Yinchuan 卬們
Lanzhou 我們
Ürümqi 我們
Wuhan 我們
Chengdu 我們
Guiyang 我們
Liuzhou 我們
Yangzhou 我們, , 我輩兒
Nanjing 我們
Hefei 我們
Nantong 我恁
Malaysia 我們
Singapore 我們
Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
Hong Kong 我哋
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 我哋
Macau 我哋
Panyu 我哋
Huadu (Huashan) 我哋
Conghua 我啲
Zengcheng 我班人
Foshan 我哋
Nanhai (Shatou) 我哋
Shunde 我哋
Sanshui 我哋
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 我哋
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 我哋
Zhuhai (Qianshan) 我哋
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 我哋
Doumen
Jiangmen (Baisha)
Xinhui
Taishan
Kaiping (Chikan)
Enping (Niujiang) 我喊齊
Heshan (Yayao)
Dongguan 我哋
Bao'an (Shajing) 我哋
Yangjiang
Nanning 我哋
Kuala Lumpur 我哋
Gan Nanchang 我個俚, 我等, 我們
Lichuan 我多
Pingxiang 我俚, 巷俚
Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人, 𠊎兜人, 𠊎儕
Xingning 𠊎兜人
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 我大家, 我茶家
Huidong (Daling) 𠊎兜人
Dongguan (Qingxi) 𠊎兜
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 𠊎兜
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 伢哋
Qujiang 𠊎俚
Conghua (Lütian) 𠊎兜
Changting 𠊎儕們, 𠊎儕
Pingyu 𠊎等人, 𠊎兜
Wuping 𠊎等人
Ninghua 𠊎人, 𠊎多人
Yudu 𠊎底
Ruijin 𠊎班人
Shicheng 𠊎郎人
Shangyou 𠊎子人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎兜, 𠊎等, 𠊎兜人, 𠊎兜儕, 𠊎這兜
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等, 𠊎等人
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎兜, 𠊎等, 𠊎兜人, 𠊎兜儕
Dongshi (Dabu) 吾等, 吾這兜, 吾這兜人
Hsinchu (Raoping) 𠊎兜, 𠊎等, 𠊎兜人, 𠊎兜儕
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎人
Senai 吾兜
Huizhou Jixi 我人
Jin Taiyuan 我們, 俺們
Xinzhou 俺們,
Min Bei Jian'ou 我人, 我伙人
Songxi 俺叢人
Zhenghe 我人
Jianyang 我人, 我伙人
Min Dong Fuzhou 我各儂, 儂家各儂
Changle 儂家
Fuqing 儂家, 儂家各儂, 我各儂
Pingtan 儂家
Yongtai 儂家各儂
Gutian 我各儂
Fu'an 我儕
Ningde 我儕儂, 我儕
Shouning 我儂
Zhouning 我儕
Fuding 我儂
Min Nan Xiamen
Tong'an
Quanzhou
Jinjiang
Nan'an
Shishi
Hui'an
Anxi
Yongchun
Dehua
Zhangzhou
Longhai
Changtai
Hua'an
Nanjing
Pinghe
Zhangpu
Yunxiao
Zhao'an
Dongshan
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang 我儂
Singapore 我儂
Philippines (Manila)
Longyan 我儂
Zhangping 我儂
Datian 我伙
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng , 阮儂
Haikou 我儂
Leizhou 我儂
Puxian Min Putian 我輩
Xianyou , 我輩
Pinghua Nanning 我哋
Wu Shanghai 阿拉, 我伲 dated, dated
Suzhou
Hangzhou 我們
Wenzhou 我倈
Chongming 我俚
Danyang 我己
Jinhua 我浪,
Tangxi 我道
Ningbo 阿拉,
Xiang Changsha 我們
Shuangfeng 我俚, 卬俚
Loudi 我俺

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
variant forms
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “are these the same word? lán > án?”

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Hokkien, honorific) Prefix for kinship terms.
    [Min Nan]  ―  án-kong [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  grandpa
  2. (Taiwanese Hokkien, inclusive) Synonym of (lán, “we; us”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

Cognate with Hokkien (lán).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Teochew, inclusive) we; us
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 咱們 (“we; us (inclusive)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 咱們, 你我
Mandarin Beijing 咱們,
Taiwan 咱們,
Jinan 咱們, , 咱這伙
Xi'an
Wuhan 我們
Chengdu 我們
Yangzhou 我們
Hefei 我們
Cantonese Guangzhou 我哋
Hong Kong 我哋
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 我個裡 , 我們
Hakka Meixian 𠊎等人 , 𠊎等 , 齊儕
Xingning 𠊎齊家
Huidong (Daling) 𠊎俚
Qujiang 𠊎俚
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 𠊎俚
Changting 𠊎等人
Pingyu 𠊎等人 , 𠊎兜
Wuping 𠊎嫩人
Liancheng 𠊎大沙
Ninghua 𠊎人
Yudu 𠊎尼
Ruijin 𠊎班
Shicheng 𠊎人
Shangyou 𠊎子人
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆俚, 𫣆
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎等 , 𠊎等人
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𫣆俚, 吾俚, 𠊎俚, 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆
Dongshi (Dabu) 𫣆等, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆
Hsinchu (Raoping) 𫣆兜, 𫣆這兜, 𫣆俚
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𫣆人, 𫣆
Jin Taiyuan 咱們,
Min Bei Jian'ou 俺伙人, 俺人
Min Dong Fuzhou 儂家各儂, 儂家, 儂家儂
Min Nan Xiamen , 咱人
Quanzhou , 咱人
Zhangzhou , 咱人
Taipei
Penang , 咱人
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉 , 我伲 ,
Suzhou
Wenzhou 卬你, 卬你倈
Xiang Changsha 我們
Shuangfeng 我哩 , 卬哩
Note † - no distinction of clusivity

Etymology 4Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (154) (145)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠiᴇmH/ /ʔɨɐmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚiɛmH/ /ʔiɐmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiæmH/ /ʔiɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔjiamH/ /ʔɨamH/
Li
Rong
/ʔjɛmH/ /ʔiɐmH/
Wang
Li
/ĭɛmH/ /ĭɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ɛmH/ /ʔi̯ɐmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn yàn

DefinitionsEdit

  1. large

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
おれ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese. Originally a second person pronoun, as used in the Kojiki of 712 CE. Gradually changed into a first person pronoun from roughly the Kamakura and Muromachi periods.[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronounEdit

(hiragana おれ, rōmaji ore)

  1. (informal, men's speech) I, me
    • 1997 December 20 [Oct 15 1997], Matsuura, Tokihiko, “だい はつこい [Chapter 1: First Love]”, in タキシード銀 [Tuxedo Gin], volume 1 (fiction), 2nd edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 32:
       (おれ) (おれ) (おれ) (うえ)から ()つめている (おれ) (だれ) (おれ)⁉あれも (おれ) (おれ) (おれ)
      O, ore ga ore o ore no ue kara mitsumete iru ore wa dare? Ore⁉ Are mo ore! Ore mo ore
      Wh-Who am I who am looking at me from above me? Me⁉ That’s me! But I’m also me
    • 2001 January 23, Kurumada, Masami, “女神アテナ聖闘士セイントまき [Athena’s Saints]”, in Saintセイントセイ [Saint Seiya], volume 1 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 20:
      これがオレ () () ()だぁ‼
      Kore ga ore no Kosumo dā‼
      This is my Cosmo‼
    • 2001 August 6 [Apr 23 2001], Kurumada, Masami, “しょうねんたちよ!女神アテナたくすのまき [Boys! For Athena]”, in Saintセイントセイ [Saint Seiya], volume 4 (fiction), 5th edition, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN, page 222:
      オレ山羊座 (カプリコーン)のシュラ‼
      Ore wa Kapurikōn no Shura‼
      I am Shura the Capricorn‼
  2. (obsolete, informal) you

Usage notesEdit

  • This is an example of a word that can be spelled with katakana to convey an informal conversational tone, as オレ.
  • This usual casual form of self-address used by men, and is completely acceptable among friends; or are too formal for such casual use. Conversely, in polite conversation or where polite forms are expected, is unacceptable and rude. As with other casual forms, may be used intentionally if one wishes to be rude, but should not be used otherwise.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eom, am) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(em, yêm, êm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit