old (of people); aged; venerable (person); outdated; experienced; (a prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity)
outside; in addition; foreign; external
|simp. and trad.
The term is othering and controversial, as it may be perceived as racist. It is, however, not necessarily derogatory.
- (polite) 外國人／外国人 (wàiguórén), 外賓／外宾 (wàibīn), 外國朋友／外国朋友
- (pejorative) 鬼子 (guǐzi), 洋鬼子 (yángguǐzi)
- (pejorative, chiefly Cantonese) 鬼佬 (guǐlǎo)
- (pejorative, chiefly Hakka) 紅毛／红毛 (hóngmáo), 紅毛人／红毛人, 紅毛猴／红毛猴 (hóngmáohóu), 紅毛鬼子／红毛鬼子