See also: and
U+756A, 番
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-756A

[U+7569]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+756B]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹木田 (HDW), four-corner 20609, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 763, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21858
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1172, character 17
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2543, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+756A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *paːl, *paːls, *pʰaːn, *pʰan, *ban): phonetic + semantic – "animal's footprint in the field"; original form of (fán).

EtymologyEdit

“to do in turns; turn; time”
Iterative of (OC *panʔ, “to turn; to return”) by aspiration of the initial (Schuessler, 2007).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: han - only used in 番薯.
    • (Teochew)
      • Peng'im: huang1 / huêng1 / hung1 / hang1
      • Pe̍h-ōe-jī-like: huang / hueng / hung / hang
      • Sinological IPA (key): /huaŋ³³/, /hueŋ³³/, /huŋ³³/, /haŋ³³/
Note:
  • hung1 - Chaozhou, only used in 番葛;
  • hang1 - Jieyang, only used in 番葛.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/5
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰʉɐn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷiɐn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰiuɐn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰuan/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰiuɐn/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰĭwɐn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰi̯wɐn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    faan1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fān
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phjon ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰar/
    English a turn, a time

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 4/5
    No. 2889
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰan/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to do in turns; to take turns; to repeat
    2. Classifier for actions, deeds: a show of ...
    3. Classifier for the number of times an action has been performed: turn; time
    4. Classifier for different kinds of things: kind; type
    5. A generic term for the non-Han people in China's west in historical times; (by extension) non-Han people; foreign land; foreign, non-native
      Synonyms: (), (yáng)
        ―  fānqié  ―  tomato [lit. foreign eggplant]
    6. Short for 番劇番剧 (fānjù, “anime series”). (Classifier: )
    7. (mahjong) points
    SynonymsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    • Japanese: (ハン) (han)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: puang1 - Shantou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/5
    Initial () (2)
    Final () (62)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pʰuɑn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pʰʷɑn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pʰuɑn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pʰwan/
    Li
    Rong
    /pʰuɑn/
    Wang
    Li
    /pʰuɑn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /pʰuɑn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    pān
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pun1
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/5
    No. 2878
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰaːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. A surname​.
    2. Only used in 番禺 (Pānyú).

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/5 5/5
    Initial () (3) (1)
    Final () (66) (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐn/ /puɑH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐn/ /puɑH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐn/ /puɑH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buan/ /pwaH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐn/ /puɑH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐn/ /puɑH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐn/ /puɑH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fán
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    faan4 bo3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 5/5 2/5
    No. 2895 2873
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ban/ /*paːls/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Original form of (fán, “animal's foot”).
    2. Alternative form of (fān, “fence”).
    3. Alternative form of (fán, “luxuriant”).

    Pronunciation 4Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (historical) () Former name of 鄱陽 under the Qin dynasty.
    2. Used in 番番 (pópó, “white; whitehaired”).
    3. A surname​.

    Pronunciation 5Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 4/5
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (95)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /puɑ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /puɑ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /puɑ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /pwa/
    Li
    Rong
    /puɑ/
    Wang
    Li
    /puɑ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /puɑ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    bo1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pa ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁar/
    English martial

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/5
    No. 2871
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*paːl/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Used in 番番 (bōbō, “valiant; courageous”).
    2. Alternative form of (, “to spread; to propagate”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ばん
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    NounEdit

    (ばん) (banばん (ban)?

    1. one's turn (as in a game, etc.)
      (つぎ)(きみ)(ばん)です
      Tsugi wa kimi no ban desu yo.
      It's your turn next.

    CounterEdit

    (ばん) (-banばん (ban)?

    1. (sports) matches

    SuffixEdit

    (ばん) (-banばん (ban)?

    1. (applied to numerals) -th: forms ordinal numerals
      (いち)(ばん)ichibanfirst
      ()(ばん)nibansecond
    Derived termsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つが(い)
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    つがい
    [noun] (poetic) pair
    [verb] stem or continuative form of つがう (tsugau) [godan]
    Alternative spellings
    番い,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʰʉɐn).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 차례(次例) (charye beon))

    1. Hanja form? of (turn).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʰuɑn).

    Historical readings

    PronunciationEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 이름 (ttang ireum ban))

    1. Hanja form? of (a surname).
    2. Hanja form? of (a placename).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    From Middle Chinese (MC puɑ).

    Historical readings

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 날랠 (nallael pa))

    1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (valiant).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: phen, phan, phiên, ba,

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Việt readings: ba, , phiên
    : Nôm readings: ba, , phan, phiên, phen

    ReferencesEdit

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999