夷 (radical 37, 大+3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN) or X大弓 (XKN), four-corner 50032, composition ⿻大弓)
- 姨, 咦, 胰, 蛦, 桋, 跠, 鮧, 侇, 峓, 恞, 痍, 洟, 羠, 鴺, 荑, 𢓡
- KangXi: page 249, character 15
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5852
- Dae Jaweon: page 509, character 7
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 527, character 5
- Unihan data for U+5937
|Characters in the same phonetic series (夷) (Zhengzhang, 2003)
Ideogrammic compound (會意): 大 (“big”) + 弓 (“bow”).
According to Yuè Juè Shū (越絕書), 夷 (OC *lil) is also the Yue word for "sea". Therefore, Schuessler (2007) proposes an Austroasiatic origin; compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *d(n)liʔ (“large river, sea”) (whence Khmer ទន្លេ (tŭənlee, “large river”) and Kuy thlèː (“sea”)). Meanwhile, Schuessler associates similar Hmong forms like Chuanqiandian Cluster Miao tl̥e (“river”) (< Proto-Hmong-Mien *gle) to 溪 (OC *kʰeː) "creek, rivulet, rill" instead.
In contrast, Ferlus (2009) reconstructs 夷's Old Chinese pronunciation as [lɨ] and connects 夷 to Proto-Kra-Dai *k-ri: (“Kra-Dai endonym”) (whence Thai ไท (tai, “"Tai endonym"”) and Hlai Hlai (“"Hlai endonym"”)). However, Ferlus concedes that such a derivation of 夷 from *k-ri: "remains speculative, [...] not as firmly established as for Hlai and Tai/Thai".
- an ancient tribe in eastern China
- 23rd tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "ease" (𝌜)
(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)
- ancient tribes in eastern China
- level (flat and low)
- levelled destruction
⟨emi1si⟩ → */emʲisɨ/ → /emisə/ → /ebisu/
Shift from Old Japanese 蝦夷 (Emishi), modern Ezo.
夷 (hiragana えびす, rōmaji ebisu)
- (historical) Synonym of 蝦夷 (Ezo): an ancient ethnic group attested in the Nihon Shoki that once lived on what is now the Kantō, Hokuriku and Tōhoku regions, likely as far as Hokkaido, possibly related to the Ainu people; dubbed as "barbarians" or "savages" by the Yamato
- a person living far away from the 都 (miyako, “capital”), loosely translated to "bumpkin" or "hick"
- Synonym: 田舎者 (inakamono)
- (regional, derogatory) a barbarian, savage, especially referring to the 東夷 (azuma-ebisu, “warrior from the eastern parts of Japan”)
- 1204, Akishino Gesseishū (book 1, poem 223)
- waga omou hito dani sumaba Michinoku no ebisu no sato utoki mono ka wa
- (please add an English translation of this example)
- (by extension, derogatory) a foreigner
夷 (hiragana えびす, rōmaji Ebisu)
- a surname
/ji/ → /i/
From Middle Chinese 夷 (MC jiɪ), originally referred to one of the ancient tribes east of China.
夷 (hiragana い, rōmaji i)
- those people with differing languages and/or cultures
- Synonym: 異民族 (iminzoku)
- a barbarian, savage; uncivilized people (living to the east of ancient Imperial China; included Japan)
- Synonym: 野蛮人 (yabanjin)
- a neutral (position)
- Synonym: 無色 (mushoku)
夷 (dì, dai, di, gì, rợ)
- This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text