Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
夷-oracle.svg 夷-bronze.svg 夷-silk.svg 夷-bigseal.svg 夷-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(big) +  ‎(bow)

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN) or X大弓 (XKN), four-corner 50032, composition)

  1. an ancient tribe in southwest China
  2. Eastern foreigner

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 249, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 509, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 527, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5937

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /i³⁵/
Harbin /i²⁴/
Tianjin /i⁴⁵/
Jinan /i⁴²/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /i⁴²/
Xi'an /i²⁴/
Xining /ji²¹³/
Yinchuan /i⁵³/
Lanzhou /i⁵³/
Ürümqi /i⁵¹/
Wuhan /i²¹³/
Chengdu /i³¹/
Guiyang /i²¹/
Kunming /i³¹/
Nanjing /i²⁴/
Hefei /zz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /i¹¹/
Pingyao /i¹³/
Hohhot /i³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦi²³/
Suzhou /ɦi¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦi²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /i⁴⁴/
Tunxi /i⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /i¹³/
Xiangtan /i¹²/
Gan Nanchang /i⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /i¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ji²¹/
Nanning /ji²¹/
Hong Kong /ji²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /i³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /i⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /i²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /i⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jiɪ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ji/
Shao
Rongfen
/jɪ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ji/
Li
Rong
/i/
Wang
Li
/ji/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ yij › ‹ yij ›
Old
Chinese
/*ləj/ /*ləj/
English level, peaceful foreigner (especially to the east)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14862
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*lil/

NounEdit

  1. barbarian

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(i) (hangeul , revised i, McCune-Reischauer i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(di, , dai, , rợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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