Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9B3C
Code point U+9B3C
Entity number 鬼
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9B3B] [U+9B3D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鬼-order.gif
Stroke order
(cursive)
鬼-cursive-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
鬼-oracle.svg 鬼-bronze.svg 鬼-bigseal.svg 鬼-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a man or figure with an ugly face and tail.

Compare ‎(different, strange), where the 田 also derives from a face.

It may not be clear from the character, but the lower right “dot” is a small ; it is a residual tail – compare .

Graphically, modern form is  +  + .

Han characterEdit

(radical 194 +0, 10 strokes, cangjie input 竹山戈 (HUI) or 竹戈 (HI), four-corner 26213)

  1. Kangxi radical 194 "ghost, demon"

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1460, character 30
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 45758
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1993, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4427, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9B3C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. May be related to (wēi, “to overawe, to terrorise”) with k-nominalisation and endoactive tone B, lit. "the thing which is doing the overawing", or related to (guī, “to return”). See also (“to deceive; peculiar”).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʉiX/ /kwe̯iX/ /kiuəiX/ /kʷɨiX/ /kujX/ /kĭwəiX/ /kiuəiX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guǐ ‹ kjwɨjX › /*k-ʔujʔ/ ghost

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4689 2 /*kulʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. ghost, especially that of a deceased who has returned to haunt the living; devil; apparition
    房子常常 / 房子常常  ―  Zhè fángzǐ chángcháng nàoguǐ.  ―  This house is haunted.
  2. goblin; demon; spirit
  3. stealthy; tricky; furtive
  4. a sinister plot; a dirty trick
    心裡有 / 心里有  ―  xīnlǐyǒuguǐ  ―  to harbour intentions that can't bear daylight
  5. devilish; damned; ghastly
    天氣 / 天气  ―  guǐ tiānqì  ―  damned weather
  6. (informal) clever; smart; quick
    孩子得很 / 孩子得很  ―  Zhè háizǐ guǐ dehěn!  ―  This kid is amazingly smart!
  7. (derogatory) fool; blockhead; guy
    那個 / 那个  ―  Nàge lǎoguǐ yòu lái le.  ―  That gaffer is coming again.
  8. Derogatory name for people with a flaw or vice.
    /   ―  yānguǐ  ―  heavy smoker
      ―  jiǔguǐ  ―  alcoholic
    /   ―  lǎnguǐ  ―  lazybones
  9. (intimate) imp; urchin
      ―  xiǎoguǐ  ―  imp
    機靈 / 机灵  ―  jīlíngguǐ  ―  crafty child
  10. (regional, usually in compounds) a Caucasian or Western person
    [Cantonese]  ―  gwai2 lou2 [Jyutping]  ―  gweilo (derogatory term for a white person)
  11. (Cantonese, inserted in certain adjectives) so; very
  12. (vulgar) an intensifier
    什麽233  ―  shénmeguǐ 233  ―  what the hell LOL
    記得 / 记得 [Cantonese]  ―  Ngo5 dim2 gwai2 gei3 dak1! [Jyutping]  ―  How the hell am I supposed to remember?!
    [Cantonese]  ―  Jau5 gwai2 jan4 zi1 me1! [Jyutping]  ―  Who the fuck knows!

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(oni): two demon-ogres.
Kanji in this term
おに
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Thought to be derived from ‎(on, to hide; hidden from sight).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana おに, romaji oni)

  1. ghost
  2. evil spirit, demon, ogre
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 1, page 32:[3]
      人神 周易云、人神曰鬼、居偉反、和名於邇、或説云、於邇者、隠音之訛也、鬼物隠而不欲顯形、故以稱也。
  3. (figuratively) someone of remarkable or diabolical energy or ability, a demon
    彼女 (かのじょ)仕事 (しごと) (おに)だ。
    Kanojo wa shigoto no oni da.
    She is a demon for work.
  4. "it" in a game of tag, hide and seek, kick the can, etc.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ Minamoto, Shitagō; Kyōto Daigaku Bungakubu Kokugogaku Kokubungaku Kenkyūshitu (931–938) Shohon Shūsei Wamyō Ruijushō: Honbunhen (in Japanese), Kyōto: Rinsen, ISBN 978-4-653-00507-0, published 1968.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwi) (hangeul , revised gwi, McCune-Reischauer kwi, Yale kwi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quỷ, khuỷu, quẽ, quỉ, sưu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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