See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 137 +14, 20 strokes, cangjie input 竹卜尸戈廿 (HYSIT) or 竹卜尸一廿 (HYSMT), four-corner 28417, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1013, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30571
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1471, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3069, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8266

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

EtymologyEdit

"Warship (with boards installed on its four sides to defend against arrow attacks)" (Shiming) > "warship" > "ship" (Guangya). A specialised character derived from (“fence, railing, board”); see there for more on the external etymology.

This character is a classic example of historical misreadings of unfamiliar characters. The l- initial in southern dialects is probably due to confusion with (“to overflow”), not due to divergent evolutions of the Old Chinese cluster initial *gr- as this character is often cited as an example of. Likewise, the readings in other Chinese are misreadings, although this is more subtle. Expected Mandarin reflex is xiàn, and jiàn is due to confusion with (“mirror; to reflect”). Wu and Min Dong readings are results of confusion with (“doorsill”). Despite these irregularities, all the Sinoxenic readings are regular.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣamX/ /ɣamX/ /ɣamX/ /ɦɯamX/ /ɦaɨmX/ /ɣamX/ /ɣamX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6109 1 /*ɡraːmʔ/ 見釋名

NounEdit

  1. warship

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. warship

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
on'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. warship

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune-Reischauer ham, Yale ham)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hạm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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