U+540D, 名
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-540D

[U+540C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+540E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈口 (NIR), four-corner 27600, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 175, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3297
  • Dae Jaweon: page 391, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 582, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+540D

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*meŋ
*meŋ
*meŋʔ, *meːŋʔ
*meŋs
*meːŋ
*meːŋʔ
*meːŋʔ
*meːŋʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (crescent) + (mouth) — to say one's own name to identify oneself in the dark.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-miŋ(name).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ming4 - literary;
  • meng4(-2) - vernacular.
Note:
  • miâ - vernacular;
  • bêng - literary.
Note: mêng5 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /miŋ³⁵/
Harbin /miŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /miŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /miŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /miŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /miŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /miŋ²⁴/
Xining /miə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /miŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /mĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /miŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /min²¹³/
Chengdu /min³¹/
Guiyang /min²¹/
Kunming /mĩ¹/
Nanjing /min²⁴/
Hefei /min⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /miəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /miŋ¹³/
/mi¹³/ 名字
Hohhot /mĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /miŋ²³/
Suzhou /min¹³/
Hangzhou /min²¹³/
Wenzhou /meŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /miʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /mɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /min¹³/
Xiangtan /mian¹²/
/min¹²/
Gan Nanchang /miɑŋ⁴⁵/
/min⁴⁵/ ~堂
Hakka Meixian /miaŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /miɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /meŋ²¹/
/mɛŋ³⁵/
Nanning /mɛŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /miŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /biŋ³⁵/
/mia³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /miaŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /miaŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /miã⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /meŋ³¹/
/mia³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/miɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/miæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miajŋ/
Li
Rong
/miɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/mĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
míng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
míng
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjieng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.meŋ/
English name

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9178
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*meŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. name
  2. given name
  3. reputation; fame
      ―  yǒumíng  ―  famous
  4. famous; reputable
      ―  míngpái  ―  having a good brand name; a brand name product
  5. (grammar) Short for 名詞名词 (míngcí, “noun”).
  6. (grammar) Short for 專有名詞专有名词 (zhuānyǒu míngcí, “proper noun”).
  7. to describe; to give details of
  8. Classifier for place in a competition or position in a name list.
  9. Classifier for people with a certain status or identity.

SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • New Nelson: 716
  • Halpern: 2169
  • Halpern Learners: 1371
  • Heisig: 44
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3d3.12
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji na)

  1. name
     () (つら)ねる
    na o tsuraneru
    put one's name on (a list)
     ()ばかりの
    na bakari no
    in name only
  2. reputation
     () (ひび)いている
    na ga hibiite iru
    be famous
     () ()がる
    na ga agaru
    become famous
     () ()げる/ (あらわ)す/ ()す/ ()
    na o ageru/arawasu/nasu/uru
    become famous, make one's name
    • Usage note: 名を上げる differs from 名が上がる in that the subject purposefully did something to make themselves famous.
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
めい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (mjieng, name).

PronunciationEdit

CounterEdit

‎(hiragana めい, romaji -mei)

  1. counter word for people, persons

NounEdit

‎(hiragana めい, romaji mei)

  1. name

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana めい, romaji mei-)

  1. famous, great, noted

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(myeong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: myŏng, Yale: myeng)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(danh, ranh, thành)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ZhuangEdit

PronounEdit

  1. Sawndip form of mwngz.