Last modified on 10 April 2015, at 23:23

TranslingualEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (grass) + phonetic : The indigo plant

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +14, 20 strokes, cangjie input 廿尸戈廿 (TSIT), 廿尸一廿 (TSMT), four-corner 44107, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1064, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32258
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1528, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3311, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+85CD

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (藍), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 魯甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑm/ /lɑm/ /lɑm/ /lɑm/ /lam/ /lɑm/ /lɑm/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
lán ‹ lam › /*[N-k.]rˤam/ indigo

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6082 1 /*ɡ·raːm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. blue
    /   ―  lán  ―  blue color
  2. indigo plant; Indigofera tinctoria
  3. A surname​. Lan

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. The color indigo; the indigo plant.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
あい
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Various theories, all suggesting a relation to (ao, formerly awo, blue).

  • May be an alteration from 青色 (awoiro): /awoiro/ > /awiro/ > /airo/ > /ai/
  • May simply be an alteration from (awo): /awo/ > /awi/ > /ai/
  • May be derived from a compound of (awo, blue) +‎ (i, formerly wi, there is), expressing the sense that the plant contains the color blue: /awowi/ > /awi/ > /ai/

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あい, romaji ai, historical hiragana あゐ)

  1. the color indigo
  2. the indigo plant, species Indigofera tinctoria and related plants

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana あい, romaji Ai)

  1. A female given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ram>nam) (hangeul >, McCune-Reischauer ram>nam, Yale lam>nam)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lam, chàm, rôm, rườm, trôm, xám)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit