舟 (radical 137, 舟+0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月卜戈 (HBYI), four-corner 27440, composition ⿱丿⿻⿵⺆⺀一)
- Kangxi radical #137, ⾈.
- KangXi: page 1008, character 24
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30350
- Dae Jaweon: page 1466, character 6
- Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3055, character 1
- Unihan data for U+821F
|simp. and trad.
𠔾 second round simplified
||*rtɯːw, *rtɯːw, *tjiw
Pictogram (象形) – a boat.
According to Schuessler (2007), a loan from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɗuuk ~ *ɗuk (“boat, canoe”), whence Khmer ទូក (tuuk) and Vietnamese nốc (< Proto-Vietic *ɗoːk (“boat”)). Foreign closed syllables having a long main vowel often correspond to open syllables in Old Chinese.
Possibly cognate of 輈 (OC *tɯw, “trunk, pole”) (Schuessler, 2007).
Yang Xiong's Fangyan says that Old Chinese 舟 (OC *tjɯw) is common in central and eastern China, while its synonym 船 (OC *ɦljon) is used in western China.
- (historical vehicles) dugout canoe
- (vehicles) similarly-shaped boats; a small barge.
- (vehicles, inexact) any boat or ship.
- A surname.
舟 • (ju) (hangeul 주, revised ju, McCune–Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)
- boat, ship
- KangXi radical 137
舟: Hán Nôm readings: chu, châu
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