U+821F, 舟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-821F

[U+821E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8220]
U+2F88, ⾈
KANGXI RADICAL BOAT

[U+2F87]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F89]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Alternative forms edit

  • In Chinese, the stroke at the bottom is written as a dot, .
  • In Japanese and Korean, the stroke at the bottom is written as a line, .

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 137, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹月卜戈 (HBYI), four-corner 27440, composition 𠔾 or 𠔾)

  1. Kangxi radical #137, .

Derived characters edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1008, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30350
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1466, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3055, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+821F

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. 𠔾
alternative forms 𣍝

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – a boat.

Etymology edit

According to Schuessler (2007), a loan from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɗuuk ~ *ɗuk (boat, canoe), whence Khmer ទូក (tuuk) and Vietnamese nốc (< Proto-Vietic *ɗoːk (boat)). Foreign closed syllables having a long main vowel often correspond to open syllables in Old Chinese.

Possibly cognate of (OC *tɯw, “trunk, pole”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Yang Xiong's Fangyan says that Old Chinese (OC *tjɯw) is common in central and eastern China, while its synonym (OC *ɦljon) is used in western China.

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (23)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter tsyuw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuw/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕiu/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhōu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zau1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*tu/
English boat

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17504
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjɯw/

Definitions edit

  1. (literary) boat (Classifier: ; ; ; )
    共濟共济  ―  tóngzhōugòngjì  ―  to pull together in times of trouble (literally, “to cross a river in the same boat”)
  2. (obsolete) to ride in a boat; to sail a boat
  3. a surname

Synonyms edit

  • (boat):

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. boat, ship, small ship

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ふね
Grade: S
kun’yomi


For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ふね
[noun] , : [from 712] a boat:
[noun] : [from 712] a boat, ship, small ship
[noun] , , : [from 712] a box for storing:
[noun] , : [from 712] a container used for storing liquids such as water and sake
[noun] , : [unknown] a box used for pressing sake and soy sauce
[noun] , , : [from c. 934] a horse through
[noun] , : [from c. 1797] a coffin
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] , : [from 1841] a box used to store candy
[noun] , : [from mid. Edo period] an (oke) used to store rice and grains
[noun] , : [from 1463] a container for storing bonsai trees and other objects
[noun] , : [unknown] a treasure ship
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[noun] This term needs a translation to English.
[counter] , , : items in a box-shaped container
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
ふな
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
ふな
[noun] , : a boat:
[noun] : a boat, ship, small ship
Alternative spelling
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit


Korean edit

Hanja edit

(ju) (hangeul , revised ju, McCune–Reischauer chu, Yale cwu)

  1. boat, ship
  2. KangXi radical 137

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: chu, châu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.