Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljaɡ): semantic  ‎(pick) + phonetic  ‎(OC *neb, *laːɡ)

Han characterEdit

(radical 165 +13, 20 strokes, cangjie input 竹木田中十 (HDWLJ), four-corner 26941, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1290, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40129
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3900, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+91CB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (26)
Final: (123)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiᴇk̚/ /ɕiɛk̚/ /ɕiæk̚/ /ɕiajk̚/ /ɕiɛk̚/ /ɕĭɛk̚/ /ɕi̯ɛk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shì ‹ syek › /*l̥Ak/ release; dissolve

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
15134 0 /*hljaɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to explain, to elucidate
  2. to release
  3. Abbreviation of 釋迦牟尼 ‎(Shakyamuni).
  4. A surname​.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seok) (hangeul , revised seok, McCune-Reischauer sŏk, Yale sek)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thích)

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